- Discover essay samples


4.9 of 5.0 (181 reviews)

693 words

Vegetarians Page 1
Vegetarians Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

may be many things, but they are not lonely. A Gallup poll conducted in 1985 for American Health magazine found that nearly nine million Americans call themselves . In addition, another 40 million adults are eating less meat and more plant foods than in the past. Similarly, a recent consumer study carried out by the National Restaurant Association found that customers are ordering fewer meat dishes and more salads, fresh fruits, and fruit juices than they used to. The number of vegetarian restaurants is also increasing. The "Essential Guide" to vegetarian restaurants published by Vegetarian Times magazine in 1987 lists over 1000 entries; a 1978 edition listed only 350. Clearly, the American diet is changing. The growing mainstream status of vegetarianism is reflected in recent articles in popular magazines. For example, Newsweek, in 1986, referred to our healthier eating habits as "vegetarian chic," and Time, in 1988, praised the new vegetarian preferences of health-conscious young adults. Indeed, many individuals have stopped eating meat for health reasons, although some have also been influenced by the animal liberation movement, religious beliefs, concerns about world hunger, or an awareness of the environmental damage caused by livestock production. But whatever their motives,one thing is clear: Vegetarianism can no longer be viewed as a fringe phenomenon. The Gallup poll also revealed that nearly three fourths of Americans reject the notion that vegetarianism is merely a passing fad.
A look at the historical record reveals that these people are correct. In fact, vegetarianism has a long, although not always illustrious, history in the West. A quick review of this history helps put present-day vegetarianism in perspective.
The history of Vegetarianism may surprise some people. It may surprise many people to hear that our early ancestors lived on a semi-vegetarian diet for several million years. Some anthropologists have fostered the stereotype of "man the hunter," but studies of contemporary "hunter-gatherers" suggest that early humans lived primarily on a diet of plant foods, with supplementation from animal flesh. Studies of tribal Australian aborigines and the Kung-San of South Africa-groups that live under conditions similar to those of our ancestors-show that only about one fourth of their caloric intake derives from animal products. Nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables are the staple foods of these groups. A view of early humans as gatherers rather than hunters is a more accurate portrayal.
Like most good ideas in the West, vegetarianism was developed by the ancient Greeks. Pythagoras and Porphyry were the best-known practicing vegetarians, but the list of those who advocated a vegetarian diet includes Diogenes, Plato, Epicurus, and Plutarch. The Greeks favored vegetarianism for a variety of reasons. Pythagoras and his followers believed that animals as well as humans have souls, and that after death, an animal may be reincarnated as a human and vice versa. According to this view, animals should not be killed and eaten because all souls have equal worth. Plato, in The Republic, described a vegetarian diet as being best suited for his ideal society. Plant foods were preferred, according to Plato, because they promote health and because they require less land to produce than do animal foods.

Other Greek thinkers felt that eating animal flesh was naturally repugnant and should be rejected on aesthetic grounds. The Romans borrowed many ideas from the Greeks, including vegetarianism, and in spite of their p ffb enchant for feeding undesirables to the lions, vegetarian ideas survived throughout Roman times The poet Ovid and the philosopher Seneca are examples of Romans who expounded the cause of vegetarianism. The fall of Rome and the spread of Christianity across Europe led to a "dark ages" in vegetarian thought. During this time, Christian thinkers such as Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas provided intellectual rationalizations for the killing, eating, and general exploitation of animals by humans. They argued that only people have free will, rationality, and souls, and that animals were placed on earth for the convenience and use of humans-views that are still accepted by the majority of Christians today.

However, the tradition of vegetarianism was kept alive in dark and dingy Christian abbeys where monks abstained from meat to suppress their animal passions. (The belief ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 693 words of 1386.

Keywords: vegetarians eat eggs, vegetarians vs vegans, vegetarians eat fish, vegetarians in india, vegetarianske recepty, vegetarians meaning, vegetarians eat cheese, vegetarians tend to have

Similar essays

The Ebola Virus

Your have sudden fever, weakness, muscle pains, headache, and a sore throat, and that is just what's happening to you before the really bad symptoms of this virus kicks in. These are followed by vomiting, diarrhea, and rash, and that are just some of the bad symptoms of this horrible virus know as the Ebola virus. One of the worst virus that can be...

206 reviews

6 Essential Carbohydrates Description: Carbohydrates are referred to as either sugars or starches and they provide energy for the body. There are 2 types of Carbohydrates are simple carbohydrates which are released energy quickly, and complex carbohydrates which are release energy at a slower rate. Daily Intake: Carbohydrates should make up 40%...

8 reviews
Abortion And Euthanasia: A Significant Difference

In the desire to uphold the sanctity and quality of life, and the dignity of each individual, it is important to respect and regard each person's own moral values and inclinations. Both abortion and euthanasia are issues of high significance as well as controversy, and it is quite apparent that people will view both issues within their own context...

61 reviews
Rural Healthcare

In 1976 over 53 million Americans lived in roughly 900 rural counties, which together make up about 40% of the land mass of this country. These areas are characterized by low population density, a disproportionate share of the country's poor and elderly, and shortages of all kinds (Bayer, Caplan, Daniels, 1983). Most important, however, are the c...

41 reviews
Food Safety

: Scientific discipline describing preparation storage and handling of food in ways that prevent food borne illness. You will be working in a position that has the potential to make many people sick. Time Temperature Abuse: is what happens when potentially hazardous foods are left in the temperature Danger Zone for too long. 135-41f danger zone...

181 reviews
The Morality Of Abortion

On the question of abortion being moral, the answer is clearly that terminating a fetus' life under certain circumstances is not only moral, but it is also our responsibility to terminate it if the quality of life is in question for the fetus. A second major reason is that to declare abortion immoral would mean that we would have to consider th...

175 reviews
Abortion And My Own Thoughts

What would it be like to die so young and so fragile? What would it be like to kill something so young and so fragile? Abortion, in my definition, is the taking of a life. Now it is hard for me to sit here and type this paper when I know good and well that if my daughter or wife were ever raped I would want whatever was inside of them out -- imm...

5 reviews
14 Elements Of A Successful Safety & Health Program

Element 1: Hazard Recognition, Evaluation and Control. Establishing and maintaining safe and healthful conditions required indenifing hazards, evaluating their pontential effects, developing ways to eliminate or control them and planning action priorities.This process is the essence of successful safety and health management. Element 2:Workplace D...

117 reviews
Prader-Willi Syndrome

is a serious genetic disorder that begins at birth with no known cure ; causing mental retardation,short stature,low muscle tone,incomplete sexual development,and its main charecteristic,the desire to eat everything and anything in sight. Prader-Willi syndrome was first known as Prader-Labhart-Willi Syndrome after three Swiss doctors who first d...

47 reviews

An antibiotic, is defined to be a drug produced by certain microbes. Most doctors use to help fight the germs in a patient. are obtained from plants, fungi, air, water, soil, just about anything on earth. kill and attack the germ or virus in the body, but do not hurt the human cells, ordinarily. The antibiotics are used to treat many various ty...

82 reviews
AIDS - What's New ?

? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory test...

143 reviews
The Sports Medicine Profession

has responded to the rise in over use injuries by placing greater emphasis on injury prevention, developing new diagnostic and treatment techniques, and promoting rehabilitation as an aid to full recovery. This is what Dr. Lyle J. Micheli, one of the nations foremost sports medicane authorities, calls the "new sports medicane." Below is an exam...

205 reviews
No One Can Prepare Themselves For A Sudden Death

There are few things in life that are harder to explain to a child then death. Too frequently this task falls on a family member already struggling with their own grief. Nobody likes imagining dealing with a death of a loved one. Unfortunately the odds are high that some point you will face this situation. This may result to the death of a parent,...

68 reviews
Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code

Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life. When the expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth. The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of bi...

101 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą