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Timeline History of Russia 1533-1991

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Timeline History of Russia 1533-1991


The Russian Empire, covering over one-sixth of the world, is

governed by the sovereignty of Czar Ivan the Terrible. The feudal

system oppresses every man, woman and child as the Czar releases "Tax

Collectors" to maintain support for the nobles in the land. Brigands

and financial extortionists persecute any lower class citizen who

refuses to help contribute to the Czar's regime.


Under Czar Peter I (Peter the Great), the Russian Empire begins

to flourish with traces of traditional social structure modifications

in the country. Observing the radical advances of western

civilizations, Peter orders the modernization of the army, creation of

a navy, encourages mercantilism and foreign trade, and gives women

more rights. Nevertheless, the Empire remains stricken in poverty over

slow reforms and the overbearing presence of feudalism. 1825-1861

The feudal system begins to fail when the goals and desires of

the common peasant cannot be achieved through such an archaic

doctrine. Various successive Czars attempt social reforms which do not

leave an impact on the country's well-being. In December of 1825, an

uprising from the populace occures when they demand changes to the

economic system. With the development of the American, French and

Spanish constitutions, the serfs now demanded the abolishment of the

monarchy dictatorship, communal ownership of land and many other civil

and social reforms. Unfortunately, their rebellion was quickly

dismantled by the Czar's military faction and the system remained in



Czar Nicholas II finally realized that his current economic

monarchy was holding back the development of the empire. He therefore

created a parliamentary system in 1905 which would decrease the number

of strikes and violent outbursts generating from the peasants. This

representative assembly (called a Duma) was convened a total of four

times during the first World War and gave legitimacy to other

political factions within the empire and would hopefully increase

civil rights.


World War I led to the abdication (resignation) of the Czar as

the people revolted against his useless monarchy. Famine, disease and

death were spreading like wildfire as the Russians aided France

against the militia of Germany during World War I. The population lost

its faith in the monarchy and installed a provisional government that

would keep the country from disintegrating. However, this government

refused to intervene during the fragile years of the war and lost its

power to a communist party called the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks, led

by Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Nikolai Lenin), overthrew the provisional

government and implemented their style of authority to the empire.

Their objectives were to lead the Russian empire into prosperity while

utilizing Karl Marx's proposed doctrine for a communal, classless

environment where the workers will be using their abilities to satisfy

their own needs. The Union was now born and the Communist Manifesto

was finally going to be activated. The C zar and his family were

captured and executed, thus ending the oppressive autocracy that had

befallen the empire for hundreds of years. Eventually, the central

government was overtaken by Lenin and his military leaders, Leon


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Keywords: timeline for russia, timeline of soviet russia, timeline of russian monarchs

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