To determine whether a particular action was decided upon by an
individual or whether the action was predetermined one must study its cause. In
studying cause one finds that there are two types of causes those that are
typified by natural laws, such as a dropped book falling to the ground, and
those typified by the moral considerations of men. This distinction is
important because it shows both that no man can control his environment contrary
to the laws of natural or scientific laws, but neither are his actions
completely out of his control.
The first type of cause we can consider as accepted facts, these would
be the natural and scientific laws that all objects must obey. It is obviously
false to assume that a man may walk through a tree or fly like a bird, but these
things can be factors in the set of causes leading to an action.
The second type of cause is more difficult to define. It is made up of
the past experience and perceptions of men, but more importantly it is the way
in which men use these things. This type of cause is arrived at differently in
everyone, and it cannot be measured, predicted, or understood as well as the
other type. In fact it is often unable to be seen at all, but it must exist
simply because the entire world or even the simple workings of one man's brain
cannot be described completely using only the laws of nature. A complex moral
decision is created in the mind of men by more that just a random or predictable
set of electrical impulses, but by the not completely understood spiritual and
psychological make-up of men. This type is the 'true' cause of an action.
When one sees this combination of causes he must accept the idea of
dualism. Dualism is the idea that there are two hemispheres of the universe,
the physical, ordered and understood by science, and the spiritual, abstract and
not understood. The spiritual hemisphere is the force that guides actions that
cannot be explained solely by physical causes. While the moralistic cause may
have more weight in the type of action, it cannot ever defy natural laws. For
this reason both radical determinism and free will seem impossible. With this
description given, to determine the amount of ...
During the debate on March 15, 2000 which discussed new reproductive technologies (NRTS) issues were raised regarding the positive and negative effects of NRTS. Issues raised by the advocates of NRTS were surrounding infertility, homosexuality, disease, and cloning. All of these factors raised were concerning the moral rights of individuals who wer...
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e e Elements Using Drilled Concrete Cores When doing construction one of the major concerns is that the work being done complies with the design specifications. In this ASTM test, C 174M-97, the thickness of a concrete pavement, slab, or structural element is determined by measuring the length of a core drilled from a concrete structure. This...