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Societys Restraint to Social R

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Societys Restraint to Social R

Of the many chatted words in the social reform vocabulary of Canadians today,

the term workfare seems to stimulate much debate and emotion. Along with the

notions of self-sufficiency, employability enhancement, and work

disincentives, it is the concept of workfare that causes the most tension

between it's government and business supporters and it's anti-poverty and

social justice critics. In actuality, workfare is a contraction of the

concept of "working for welfare" which basically refers to the requirement

that recipients perform unpaid work as a condition of receiving social


Recent debates on the subject of welfare are far from unique. They are all

simply contemporary attempts to decide if we live in a just society or not.

This debate has been a major concern throughout history. Similarly, the

provision of financial assistance to the able-bodied working-age poor has

always been controversial.

On one side are those who articulate the feelings and views of the poor,

namely, the Permissive Position, who see them as victims of our society and

deserving of community support. The problems of the poor range from personal

(abandonment or death of the family income earner) to the social (racial

prejudice in the job market) and economic (collapse in the market demand for

their often limited skills due to an economic recession or shift in

technology). The Permissive View reveals that all participants in society are

deserving of the unconditional legal right to social security without any

relation to the individual's behaviour. It is believed that any society which

can afford to supply the basic needs of life to every individual of that

society but does not, can be accused of imposing life-long deprivation or

death to those needy individuals. The reason for the needy individual being

in that situation, whether they are willing to work, or their actions while

receiving support have almost no weight in their ability to acquire this

welfare support. This view is presently not withheld in society, for if it

was, the stereotype of the 'Typical Welfare Recipient' would be unheard of.

On the other side, the Individualists believe that generous aid to the poor

is a poisoned chalice that encourages the poor to pursue a life of poverty

opposing their own long-term interests as well of those of society in general.

Here, high values are placed on personal choice. Each participant in society

is a responsible individual who is able to make his own decisions in order to

manipulate the progression of his own life. In conjunction with this opinion,

if you are given the freedom to make these decisions, then surely you must

accept the consequences of those decisions. An individual must also work part

of his time for others (by means of government taxing on earned income).

Those in society who support potential welfare recipients do not give out of

charity, but contrastingly are forced to do it when told by the Government.

Each person in society contains ownership of their own body and labour.

Therefore anything earned by this body and labour in our Free Market System is

deserved entirely by that individual. Any means of deducting from these

earnings to support others is equivalent to criminal activity. Potential

welfare recipients should only be supported by voluntary funding. For this

side, welfare ultimately endangers society by weakening two of it's moral

foundations: that able-bodied adults should be engaged in some combination of

working, learning and child rearing; and secondly, that both parents should

assume all applicable responsibilities of raising their children.(5)

In combination of the two previous views, the Puritan View basically involves

the idea that within a society which has the ability to sufficiently support

all of it's individuals, all participants in the society should have the legal

right to Government supplied welfare benefits. However, the individual's

initiative to work is held strongly to this right. Potential welfare

recipients are classified as a responsibility of the Government. The

resources required to support the needy are taken by means of taxation from

the earnings of the working public. This generates an obligation to work.

Hence, if an individual does not make the sacrifice of his time and energy to

contribute their earnings to this fund, they are not entitled to acquire any

part of it when in need unless a justifiable reason such as disability is

present for the individual's inability to work. The right to acquire welfare

funds is highly conditional on how an individual accounts for his failure in

working toward his life's progression by his own efforts. Two strong beliefs

of the Puritan Position are; Firstly, ...

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Keywords: socially restrained, societal restraints, societal restraints meaning, social restraint synonym, restricted society definition

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