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Should Canada Be Allowed To Continue With Genetic Engineering Without Federal Guidelines?

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Should Canada Be Allowed To Continue With Genetic Engineering Without
Should Canada be allowed to continue with genetic engineering without
federal guidelines?
In the past ten years there has been a rise in a relatively new
science, a science that raises alot of controversial questions with very
few answers. This science is called Genetic Engineering. In it's
simplest terms it is the reordering of a genetic DNA sequence. It is a
very controversial science because it leads into moral and ethical issues,
as to what can be done with it and what cannot.
Canada is one of the few countries without nationwide, federally
legislated guidelines to deal with genetic engineering and experimenting.
Within the last six months (as of this paper being written) there was
a baby born in the Calgary hospital with a disease commonly referred to as
Boy In The Bubble Disease. The child would have become violently ill
within two weeks of It's birth and would have died before it reached one
year old. However the parents of this child were told about a highly
unprecedented technique that could quite possibly change the baby's future
of life or death, they were warned that this method had not been tested on
small children, but only laboratory animals. The parents agreed to try it.
They allowed Doctor Tom Bowen of the Calgary children's hospital to remove
blood from the child 4 hours. after birth, the blood was then promptly
flown to Los Angeles California where the blood testing was done and a new
gene introduced into the specimen blood. From there the blood was flown
back to Calgary and then reintroduced into the child's blood stream. Today
child leads the life of an average 6 month old.
Dr. Bowen states "We have the potential to do alot of harm, and an
incredible amount of good. Let's harness the good, keep some control to it,
and get our heads out of the sand."
Developments have come a long way since genetic engineering was first
discovered. Right now scientists are working on a bacteria that will break
down crude oil and could be used to master the giant marine oil slicks
caused by tanker accidents. (Taking Sides: Clashing views on controversial
bioethical issues, 1989.) Another great thing they can do is the farming
of bacteria which can provide medicines such as; insulin, the human
growth hormone, the blood clotting agent, and the rare interferon for
immunity. (Taking Sides, 1989)
One of the newer things that scientists have been working on only
recently is a cure for HIV or the AIDS virus, what basically would be done
is, reintroduce the DNA sequence that deals with the immune system. (New
York Times,1993)
One thing that environmentalists have already tried to stop is, the
testing of bacillus causing ice crystals to form on the potato plant : the
genetic lowering of it's temperature threshold is to delay the seasonal
onset of frost damage, with obvious advantages to agriculture. (TAKING
SIDES, 1989.)
But what would become of the bacteria and medicine? Would they
emancipate from the confines of their task, strike out on their own
environmental and mutational careers, and drastically disturb an ecological
equilibrium unprepared for them? Is it permissible to play such games of
chance with the environment? (Taking Sides, 1989) When scientists created
these medicines, bacteria and genes they wanted to be able to allow
themselves to intervene with the experiments and let the old master take
over again at any time and command, "In the closet/broom! broom! / As you
were," and there they would stand motionless. ( "The Sorcerer's<...

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