- Discover essay samples

Richard the lion hearted

4.9 of 5.0 (34 reviews)

1023 words

Richard the lion hearted page 1
Richard the lion hearted page 2
Richard the lion hearted page 3
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Richard the lion hearted

Born: 8th September 1157 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford

Died: 6th April 1199 at Chalus, Aquitaine

Buried: Fontevrault Abbey, Anjou

Parents: Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

Siblings: William, Henry, Matilda, Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joan & John

Crowned: 2nd September 1189 at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex

Married: 12th May 1191 at Limassol, Cyprus

Spouse: Berengia daughter of Sancho VI, King of Navarre

Offspring: None

Richard Plantagenet (also known as "Richard the lion hearted") was born on

September 8th in the year 1157 CE. Although born in Oxfordshire England,

Richard was a child of Aquitaine a part of Southern France. His language was

not English and throughout his life he spoke little of it.

He had four brothers and three sisters, the first of which died at a young

age. Of the remainder, Henry was named heir to the English throne, Richard

was to succeed his mother's Aquitane and Geoffrey was to inherit Brittany.

John was the poorest to fair out receiving nothing from his father. It is

this action that gave him the name John Lackland.

At a young age of twelve, Richard pledged homage to the King of France for

lands of his. At the age of fourteen, Richard was named the Duke of Aquitane

in the church of St. Hillaire at Poitiers (one of the lands made homage to

the French King.) Henry's sons, who had been given lands but no real power

revolted against their King father aided by their mother. In retaliation King

Henry had Eleanor jailed. She remained there for many years.

Richard's Mother Eleanor

Eleanor was the daughter and heiress of William X, duke of Aquitaine and

count of Poitiers, who possessed one of the largest domains in

France--larger, in fact, than those held by the French king. Upon William's

death in 1137 she inherited the Duchy of Aquitaine and in July 1137 married

the heir to the French throne, who succeeded his father, Louis VI, the

following month. Eleanor became queen of France, a title she held for the

next 15 years. Beautiful, capricious, and adored by Louis, Eleanor exerted

considerable influence over him, often goading him into undertaking perilous


From 1147 to 1149 Eleanor accompanied Louis on the Second Crusade to protect

the fragile Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, founded after the First Crusade only

50 years before, from Turkish assault. Eleanor's conduct during this

expedition, especially at the court of her Uncle Raymond of Poitiers at

Antioch, aroused Louis's jealousy and marked the beginning of their

estrangement. After their return to France and a short-lived reconciliation,

their marriage was annulled in March 1152. According to feudal customs,

Eleanor then regained possession of Aquitaine, and two months later she

married the grandson of Henry I of England, Henry Plantagenet, and count of

Anjou and duke of Normandy. In 1154 he became, as Henry II, king of England,

with the result that England, Normandy, and the west of France were united

under his rule. Eleanor had only two daughters by Louis VII; to her new

husband she bore five sons and three daughters. The sons were William, who

died at the age of three; Henry; Richard, the Lion-Heart; Geoffrey, duke of

Brittany; and John, surnamed Lackland until, having outlived all his

brothers, he inherited, in 1199, the crown of England. The daughters were

Matilda, who married Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria; Eleanor, who

married Alfonso VIII, king of Castile; and Joan, who married successively

William II, king of Sicily, and Raymond VI, count of Toulouse. Eleanor would

well have deserved to be named the "grandmother of Europe."

During her childbearing years, she participated actively in the

administration of the realm and even more actively in the management of her

own domains. She was instrumental in turning the court of Poitiers, then

frequented by the most famous troubadours of the time, into a centre of

poetry and a model of courtly life and manners. She was the great patron of

the two dominant poetic movements of the time. The courtly love tradition,

conveyed in the romantic songs of the troubadours, and the historical mati're

de Bretagne, or "legends of Britanny," which originated in Celtic traditions.

In the Historia regum Britanniae, written by the chronicler Geoffrey of

Monmouth some time between 1135 and 1139.

The revolt of her sons against her husband in 1173 put her cultural

activities to a brutal end. Since Eleanor, 11 years her husband's senior, had

long resented his infidelities, the revolt may have been instigated by her;

in any case, she gave her sons considerable military support. The revolt

failed, and Eleanor was captured while seeking refuge in the kingdom of her

first husband, Louis VII. Her semi-imprisonment in England ended only with

the death of Henry II in 1189. On her release, Eleanor played a greater

political role than ever before. She actively prepared for Richard's

coronation as king, was administrator of the realm during his crusade to the

Holy Land, and, after his capture by the Duke of Austria on Richard's return

from the east, collected his ransom and went in person to escort him to

England. During ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 1023 words of 2045.

Keywords: richard the lionheart, richard the lionheart death, richard the lionheart and saladin, richard the lionheart fate, richard the lionheart movie, richard the lionheart rebellion, richard the lionheart vs saladin, richard the lionheart facts

Similar essays


Robert : Biography and Review Robert Lee , b. San Francisco, Mar. 26, 1874 d. Boston, Jan. 29, 1963, was one of the leading poets of the 20th-century and a four time winner of the Pulitzer Prize. was a poet often associated with rural New England, although his poems could be felt and related to in any region of the world. Thought his y...

188 reviews
Tupac Shakur

"Murda, Murda, Murda, and Kill, Kill, Kill'", these are the lyrics to one of the songs written by . Amidst all the controversy surrounding his personal life, this artist has managed to overcome all obstacles and spread his hope/hate message to a surprisingly receptive audience. Tupac's music borrowed from the styles of early rap and hip-hop...

31 reviews
Aristotle happyness

Aristotle - happyness Happiness is the Greatest Good In Aristotle?s essay, he ?focuses particularly on how reason, our rational capacity, should help us recognize and pursue what will lead to happiness and the good life.?(Cooley and Powell, 459) He refers to the soul as a part of the human body and what its? role is in pursuing true happin...

15 reviews
Bontsha and gimpel

Faith is believed to be one of the most important elements attached to the life of a human being. Faith brings meaning to life. It is the essence that ties a person to life no matter the struggle encountered. Whenever some one looses faith in the people of their society, all he has felt is a religious believe which can be translated into ?faith...

145 reviews
Cortes 2

Hernan Cortes was born in Medellin, Extre Madura in 1485. Hernan was only a petite 5? 4? but he made up for his height disadvantage with courage and determination. Cortes studied law in Spain but then he decided to come over to the Americas. Upon his arrival he joined force with velazquez to conquer Cuba. They did and in 1511 he became...

24 reviews
Robert Frost

was born on March 26, 1874 in San Francisco. His father was William Frost, a Harvard graduate who was on his way westward when he stopped to teach at Bucknell Academy in Pennsylvania for extra money. His mother, Isabelle Moodie began teaching math at Bucknell while William was there, and they got married and moved to San Francisco. They were c...

107 reviews
Come Home

By: Anonymous A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Growing from its humble beginnings as an ash dump in the late 1800's, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden has come to represent today the very best in urban gardening and horticultural display. The Brooklyn Botanical Garden blooms in the middle of one of the largest cities in the world. Each ye...

95 reviews
Andy warhol 3

Andy Warhol Pop art is a movement that occurred near the end of the 1950's. It was a reaction to Abstract Expressionism. Pop art emphasized contemporary social values, the sprawl of urban life, the vulgar, the superficial, and the flashy. Advertising provided a number of starting points for the subjects. A man named Andy Warhol is c...

131 reviews
The Time Period And People Of

The Time Period and People of Geoffrey Chaucer Geoffrey Chaucer is one of the greatest authors of his time. His distinctive use of characters in his literary works is one of a kind. Chaucer's works were accomplished during the Middle Ages. During this time period the whole community revolved around the church, the village and the surround...

31 reviews
Adolf Hitler

was a German political and government leader. And he is one of the 20th century's most powerful dictators, when he ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.He turned Germany into a powerful war machine and provoked World War II in 1939,when he invaded Poland. He built the Nazi party into a mass movement. For sometime he dominated most of Euro...

194 reviews
Sir Thomas More A Unique Her

Sir Thomas More - A Unique Her 'The world's battlefields have been in the heart chiefly; more heroism has been displayed in the household and the closet, than on the most memorable battlefields in history.' ' Henry Ward Beecher Whether or not the statement by Henry Beecher is true, it is certainly well put when spoken in the context of mar...

31 reviews
Ralph waldo emerson 2

Ralph Waldo Emerson certainly took his place in the history of American Literature. He lived in a time when romanticism was becoming a way of thinking and beginning to bloom in America, the time period known as The Romantic Age. Romantic thinking stressed on human imagination and emotion rather than on basic facts and reason. Ralph Waldo Emer...

190 reviews
Satyagraha, A weapon of non vi

Satyagraha, A weapon of non-vi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born October-second, eighteen-sixty-nine, in Porbandar India. What's the best way to describe Gandhi? Perhaps, strong, loving selfless, genuine, courageous, self-sufficient, frugal and intelligent come to mind. All these words belong to and suitably depict a great hero, and certainly,...

124 reviews
Alice walker 2

?What is Beauty?? In her autobiographical story Alice Walker tells about how after the ?accident? of losing sight in one eye she was never the same. At the young age of eight she was above all others in wit, looks, and talents. I think that the loss of her sight is not what blinded her most, but her unwillingness to except what had happe...

181 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą