The formatting guidelines are different depending on where you found the poem. Accessed day month year. Frost, Robert. Poetry Foundation, Poetry Foundation, www. Accessed 1 Mar. The formatting guidelines for citing a poem from a book are different from the guidelines for citing a poem found online. Note that anthologies have their own citation format. An anthology is a collection of works from different authors.
This section contains the basic guidelines for citing a poem from a book. The format for anthologies is provided in the next section. The guidelines for citing a poem from an anthology are different from the guidelines for citing a poem found online or even in a poetry book. An anthology is a compilation of different works from different authors or artists. The following format is for poems from an anthology. Drummond, William. Unlike the reference page citations, MLA in-text citations for poems are generally the same regardless of the source.
The examples below follow Sections 6. If no line numbers for the poem exist, do not count the lines yourself. Instead, include a page number. Using a direct quote from a poem is different from making a reference to a poem within your paper.
To use a direct quote, you must put it in quotation marks. Following the in-text citation guidelines in the section above, place your in-text citation at the end of your quote in parentheses, after the closing quotation marks and before the period. When quoting four or more lines of poetry, you will not use quotation marks.
Here are more formatting guidelines:. Written by Grace Turney. She is a freelance author and artist. The author was inspired by the lines of a poem: Not blither is the mountain roe: With many a wanton stroke Her feet disperse the powdery snow, That rises up like smoke. Wordsworth, lines 13— Paraphrasing vs. Interjections: Zoinks, Yikes and Holy Smokes! Get Started. When you quote poetry, you have to properly format the quotation and the in-text citation , in order to direct the reader to the correct source entry in the Works Cited list.
To show the location of the quote, include line numbers if specified in the text or a page number if the poem is published across multiple pages. In the Works Cited entry, include the full publication details of the source in which you found the poem e. When you quote a single line of a poem or part of a line , simply put it in quotation marks as you would for any other quote. For quotations of multiple lines, there are some specific formatting requirements.
If you quote two or three lines, use a forward slash to mark the line breaks. Put a space before and after the slash. Make sure to use the same punctuation, capitalization, and styling as in the original text. If you quote more than three lines of poetry, set them off as a block quote. Use an introductory sentence ending with a colon, then start the quotation on a new line, indented half an inch from the left margin, with no quotation marks.
When block quoting poetry, include all line breaks in the quotation and keep the formatting as close to the original as possible. If there is any unusual spacing, reproduce this in the block quote. If you cite more than one poem by the same author, you also need to mention the title of the poem you are quoting. Often you will name the poet and title in the main text as you introduce the quote. Sometimes poems are published with line numbers in the margin.
In this case, use the line numbers in your in-text citation to more precisely locate the quote. If there are no line numbers displayed in the source, do not count them manually. If the poem is published over multiple pages, use the page number instead.
If you have already mentioned the author when introducing the quotation, and there are no line or page numbers, no parenthetical citation is needed. However, give the full citation again if you start a new paragraph or cite another source in between. See an example. Then include details of the source where the poem was published. If you accessed the poem on a website, include the name of the website and the URL. If the web page has a publication date , include this; if not, add the date on which you accessed it.
To quote poetry in MLA style , introduce the quote and use quotation marks as you would for any other source quotation. If the quote includes line breaks, mark these using a forward slash with a space on either side. Use two slashes to indicate a stanza break. If the quote is longer than three lines, set them off from the main text as an MLA block quote.
Reproduce the line breaks, punctuation, and formatting of the original. If you are discussing multiple poems by the same author, make sure to also mention the title of the poem shortened if necessary. The title goes in quotation marks. Only use line numbers in an MLA in-text citation if the lines are numbered in the original source. If there are no line numbers in the source, you can use page numbers instead. The rest of the citation depends on where the poem was published.
If you read the poem in a book or anthology, follow the format of an MLA book chapter citation. If you accessed the poem online, follow the format of an MLA website citation. I have a question: how do I specify the lines if I am quoting two specific lines in a poem at once? For instance, if I want to use lines 2 and 8 random numbers for the example , do I still write them as even though lines 3 to 7 are not part of the quotation?
And how should I separate them in the quotations if they are part of the same stanza? Good question. When citing two non-consecutive lines or pages, chapters, etc. Where may I read what the official MLA guides have to say about this? You're telling me all of this, but you do not include a works cited list of your own. You're right that we don't provide full Works Cited lists in our articles; that's for the sake of keeping them concise and because they're intended as accessible web articles rather than formal academic texts.
Generally, if you're just summarizing a poem in a sentence you don't need to cite it, since you're not referring to specific parts of the poem. But do include citations for any quotes from the poem or paraphrases of specific parts of it. I need to add in two different poems into my essay. How would this be cited in my essay? If you need to cite a poem without referring to a specific line, your in-text citation should just be the author's last name, i.
How do you cite a line of poetry that does not have any punctuation at the end. Example: Simmered, bitter and fresh, and no wisdom Or strength could break it; that agony hung If I wanted to cite either of these lines how would I punctuate them? If you wanted to cite both lines, you would add a slash between them, i. Other punctuation you might add would depend on the structure of your sentence.
All research papers on literature use MLA format, as it is the universal citation method for the field of literary studies. Whenever you use a primary or secondary source, whether you are quoting or paraphrasing, you will make parenthetical citations in the MLA format [Ex.
Smith If you're using Microsoft Word, you can easily include your name and page number on each page by following the these steps:. That's all you need to do. Word will automatically insert your name and the page number on every page of your document. If no line numbers for the poem exist, do not count the lines yourself.
Instead, include a page number. Using a direct quote from a poem is different from making a reference to a poem within your paper. To use a direct quote, you must put it in quotation marks. Following the in-text citation guidelines in the section above, place your in-text citation at the end of your quote in parentheses, after the closing quotation marks and before the period. When quoting four or more lines of poetry, you will not use quotation marks.
Here are more formatting guidelines:. Written by Grace Turney. She is a freelance author and artist. The author was inspired by the lines of a poem: Not blither is the mountain roe: With many a wanton stroke Her feet disperse the powdery snow, That rises up like smoke. Wordsworth, lines 13— Paraphrasing vs. Interjections: Zoinks, Yikes and Holy Smokes! Get Started. Certain features require a modern browser to function. Please use a different browser, like Firefox , Chrome , or Safari.
How useful was this post? Click on a star to rate it! We are sorry that this post was not useful for you! Let us improve this post! Tell us how we can improve this post? Submit Feedback. How do I cite a poem in MLA format? How do I cite a poem or short story?
Citation Basics. Plagiarism Checker Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Reference list. Author Surname, X. Title of story or poem.