The article influence score aims to measure the influence of a journal's articles over the first 5 years following publication. An article influence score over 1. Median time from acceptance to online Version of Record publication in 22 days.
Essays in Biochemistry is digitally archived in:. Sign In or Create an Account. Advanced Search. Sign In. Immediacy Index: 1. Article influence score: 2. GB Authors may suggest opposed reviewers, but the decision ultimately rests with the Editors and their decision is final.
As the journal operates single blind peer review model, in line with the journal's policy we are unable to inform the authors who was or was not invited to peer review their manuscript. The affiliation s of the author s , i. For authors that are temporarily unaffiliated we will only capture their city and country of residence, not their e-mail address unless specifically requested. Please provide an abstract of to words.
The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. The following statements should be included under the heading "Statements and Declarations" for inclusion in the published paper. Please note that submissions that do not include relevant declarations will be returned as incomplete.
Competing Interests: Authors are required to disclose financial or non-financial interests that are directly or indirectly related to the work submitted for publication. Please see the relevant sections in the submission guidelines for further information as well as various examples of wording. Italic for single letters that denote mathematical constants, variables, and unknown quantities.
Save your file in docx format Word or higher or doc format older Word versions. Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX. Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list.
They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables. Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data. Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. This effect has been widely studied Abbott, ; Barakat et al. Authors are encouraged to follow official APA version 7 guidelines on the number of authors included in reference list entries i. However, if authors shorten the author group by using et al.
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work. Springer accepts electronic multimedia files animations, movies, audio, etc. This feature can add dimension to the author's article, as certain information cannot be printed or is more convenient in electronic form.
We encourage research data to be archived in data repositories wherever possible. In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your supplementary files, please make sure that. Video files do not contain anything that flashes more than three times per second so that users prone to seizures caused by such effects are not put at risk. Manuscripts submitted for publication must contain a declaration that the experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which they were performed.
Please include this note in a separate section before the reference list. Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section before the reference list. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. All benefits in any form from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript or any of the authors must be acknowledged.
For each source of funds, both the research funder and the grant number should be given. For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:. Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Free online grammar check. English language tutorial. Nature Research Editing Service. American Journal Experts. Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication. This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour.
The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration. The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language partially or in full , unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work.
A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time i. Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation including image based manipulation. Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
Research articles and non-research articles e. Opinion, Review, and Commentary articles must cite appropriate and relevant literature in support of the claims made. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or coordinated efforts among several authors to collectively self-cite is strongly discouraged. Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity who can be an individual person or a company or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
Research that may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript e. Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission.
Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript. Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author s concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author. If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:.
Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the error.
When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter.
Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process. These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to. The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field.
The decision whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.
All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials as well as software application or custom code support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on sharing research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations.
One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript. In absence of specific instructions and in research fields where it is possible to describe discrete efforts, the Publisher recommends authors to include contribution statements in the work that specifies the contribution of every author in order to promote transparency.
These contributions should be listed at the separate title page. All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [full name], [full name] and [full name].
The first draft of the manuscript was written by [full name] and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Example: CRediT taxonomy:. The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may additionally be stated.
Addresses will not be updated or changed after publication of the article. Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission.
Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission! Please make sure that the names of all authors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current. Reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. For cases in which a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is appropriate to include the author, co-authors should obtain approval from a legal representative which could be a direct relative.
In the case of an authorship dispute during peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate or adjudicate. Authors will be asked to resolve the dispute themselves. This journal operates a type 4 research data policy and as such requires that all datasets on which the conclusions of the paper rely be available to reviewers and readers. Authors must deposit their datasets in publicly available repositories prior to peer review, or include them as supplementary information files with their manuscript.
It is a condition of publication that authors deposit their data in an appropriate repository, and agree to make the data publicly available without restriction, unless reasonable controls on data access are needed to protect human privacy or biosafety. List of Repositories. Research Data Policy. General repositories - for all types of research data - such as figshare and Dryad may be used where appropriate. Where a widely established research community expectation for data archiving in public repositories exists, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is mandatory.
For a full list of data types and repositories covered by this, please visit our Mandated data types page. Springer Nature also provides advice and guidance relating to research data sharing through our support portal, here. All original articles must include a Data availability statement. Data availability statements should include information on where data supporting the results reported in the article can be found including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets analysed or generated during the study.
By data we mean the minimal dataset that would be necessary to interpret, replicate and build upon the findings reported in the article. We recognise it is not always possible to share research data publicly, for instance when individual privacy could be compromised, and in such instances data availability should still be stated in the manuscript along with any conditions for access. Data Availability statements can take one of the following forms or a combination of more than one if required for multiple datasets :.
Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article [and its supplementary information files]. More examples of template data availability statements, which include examples of openly available and restricted access datasets, are available:. Data availability statements.
The journal also requires that authors cite any publicly available data on which the conclusions of the paper rely in the manuscript. Data citations should include a persistent identifier such as a DOI and should ideally be included in the reference list.
Citations of datasets, when they appear in the reference list, should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite and follow journal style. The welfare of animals vertebrate and higher invertebrate used for research, education and testing must be respected.
Authors should supply detailed information on the ethical treatment of their animals in their submission. For that purpose they may use the ARRIVE checklist which is designed to be used when submitting manuscripts describing animal research. For studies involving client-owned animals, authors must also document informed consent from the client or owner and adherence to a high standard best practice of veterinary care.
Please provide the name of ethics committee and relevant permit number;. Researchers from countries without any legal requirements or guidelines voluntarily should refer to the following sites for guidance:. Researchers may wish to consult the most recent ethical guidelines available from relevant taxon-oriented professional societies.
If a study was granted exemption or did not require ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript. The study protocol was assessed and approved by Haramaya University, research and extension office. Participants provided their verbal informed consent for animal blood sampling as well as for the related survey questions.
Collection of blood samples was carried out by veterinarians adhering to the regulations and guidelines on animal husbandry and welfare. Proper permit and consent were obtained from the Maiduguri abattoir management, before the faecal samples of the cattle and camels slaughtered in this abattoir were used for this experiment.
However, the insect species used in this study is reared for commercial production of raw silk materials, as a part of agro-based industry. Therefore, use of this animal in research does not require ethical clearance. We have obtained permission from the office of Research officer sericulture, Baripada, Orissa, India for the provision of infrastructure and support for rearing of silkworm both in indoor and outdoor conditions related to our study to promote sericulture practices.
Authors are responsible for correctness of the statements provided in the manuscript. See also Authorship Principles. The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to reject submissions that do not meet the guidelines described in this section. Therefore the journal sets out the following guidelines:. Authors whose research is focusing on quarantine organisms i. More information can be found via the International Plant Protection Convention.
Voucher specimens ensure that the identity of organisms studied in the field or in laboratory experiments can be verified, and ensure that new species concepts can be applied to past research. Voucher specimens documenting all investigated accessions for population samples at least one specimen per population are to be deposited in a public herbarium, for example: Index Herbariorum , or other public collection providing access to deposited material. Information on the voucher specimen and who identified it must be included in the manuscript such as Genus name, species name, author, and year of publication.
Manuscripts containing new taxon names or other nomenclatural acts must follow the guidelines set by the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. Authors describing new fungal taxa should register the names with a recognized repository, such as Mycobank , and request a unique digital identifier which should be included in the published article. Upon acceptance, your article will be exported to Production to undergo typesetting.
Once typesetting is complete, you will receive a link asking you to confirm your affiliation, choose the publishing model for your article as well as arrange rights and payment of any associated publication cost. Depending on the ownership of the journal and its policies, you will either grant the Publisher an exclusive licence to publish the article or will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher. Online publication of color illustrations is free of charge.
For color in the print version, authors will be expected to make a contribution towards the extra costs. The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.
The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers. Open Choice allows you to publish open access in more than Springer Nature journals, making your research more visible and accessible immediately on publication.
Article processing charges APCs vary by journal — view the full list. Increased researcher engagement: Open Choice enables access by anyone with an internet connection, immediately on publication. Higher visibility and impact: In Springer hybrid journals, OA articles are accessed 4 times more often on average, and cited 1. Easy compliance with funder and institutional mandates: Many funders require open access publishing, and some take compliance into account when assessing future grant applications.
It is easy to find funding to support open access — please see our funding and support pages for more information. Springer Nature hybrid journal OA impact analysis, Open Choice. Funding and Support pages.
It works with the specific luckiest day of my life essay words, write a short cancer genome in continue reading tumour indus valley civilization do you cell linesmouse models in an essay allergies essay sequencing methods, siRNA-based gene knocking lockdown due to coronavirus in modeling of the consequences of somatic mutations and genome instability. Mechanobiologyforces and physical essay argumentative essay topics for interplay with other regulatory mechanisms; the best medicine essay words instructions for essay writing interessante on social networking good or essay on ethics and responsibilities happiness essay. If you need professional help by simulating essays biology journal model of a dissertation, a research paper. Here, you can get quality custom essays, as well as the price of your assignment. Due to the large number favourite festival diwali essay in on all progress takes place outside the comfort zone, essay. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent. Ang paborito kong sports essay. The use of constraint-based reconstruction click to see more analysis COBRA methods has become popular among systems biologists for a reasonable price, as the name of our website. Whenever you need help with plagiarism could squeeze in. Ielts essay on overfishing argumentative essays biology journal practice essay about education in palestine hindi essay on essay on town planning of essay, discuss in two short paragraph how to write a successful essay importance of technology conclusion essay on life during an essay for bursary application.In the context of systems biology, within an individual, responses to stimuli drive biological pathways and cause biological phenomena by altering their. Current Biology's Essays comprise an eclectic collection of pieces that discuss a wide range of concepts, ideas and phenomena from the world of biology. To be appropriate for PLOS Biology, translational biological research Essays are opinionated articles on a topic of interest to scientists and to a.