AskEssays.com - Discover essay samples

Realism, Globalism, Pluralism

4.9 of 5.0 (70 reviews)

Contains
833 words
Category
Social Issues

Realism, Globalism, Pluralism page 1
Realism, Globalism, Pluralism page 2
Realism, Globalism, Pluralism page 3
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Insurrection, revolution and aggression are often regarded as diplomatic failures. Ruptures that fascinate our political sensibilities until another transgression, more gripping than the last occurs enthralling the part of the world that survives. Regrettably, the foibles of diplomacy are far reaching in their issue thus the course of global politics is besieged by adversity. Consequently, misgivings enter upon any allusion to international politics and its theoretical structure. Beyond such lines of demarcation however is a moral dilemma, an axial point of reference in many a political debate. The nature of these debates however is not in question, but their content is. Via composition, the theories of international relations emerge. .
Seemingly obscure words such as these are easily explained. The realist views the state as the principle " unitary actor encapsulated by a "hard shell" facing the world as an integrated unit", concerned with specific issues of national security and sovreignity as stated in their foreign policy. Policies which accentuate national interests unlike the foreign policy of pluralists who have an expansive foreign policy converging on economic and social issues far more than military movement. Likewise, independent actors such as multinational corporations are not dismissed as insignificant to the global perspective. The political schedule of the pluralist includes exercises in coalition and maintains a "soft shell" approach to motion between national borders. In contrast, the globalist"s agenda is based primarily on fiscal polity. Capitalism is taken as the first mover of global politics with a relevant historical process. Their political slate is pervaded by the underlying assumption that matters of international politics stem from an economic substructure that champions the current global configuration.
Constructing an inquisition into the physics of these theories and which is more accommodating to the international climate is a manifold assignment. There are multitudes of positions from which one can begin to explore the theoretical aspects of international relations, some of course provide a broader survey than others. One such point of departure is that of a global objective, an objective that seems to include itself in a large portion of international associations. The purpose as described, is the quest for global peace, a course recognised by the constitution of the United Nations , a body from which several examples will be used to describe the advantages and disadvantages of the aforementioned theories.
Peace is variously defined by the literature, but it is generally thought to be an absence of war. Subject to modification, it is also known to be the lack of direct structural and cultural violence. Either of these definitions leads to the notion of peace as a static condition. Historically Machiavellian and Hobbes advocated peace as preferential to justice, which to some, is injustice and the beginnings of social disorder. The Kantian approach to peace is individualistic. John Rawls argued that justice and the guarantee of basic rights lead to peace. Such ideals are inappropriate. They assume cohesion between peace and justice. Hugo Grotius theorised that genocide and other crimes against humanity were warrants for intervention of force.
The balance of power regarding economic factors is a key notion for globalists often vindicating questionable foreign policy. The Cold War is an example. Stalinist visions to reform soviet economic policy were directed towards "tangible achievements of international power and influence." His visions, noted by the West were challenged in America"s rush to counter the "Domino theory" that was rife in the 1950"s and 60"s. On the other hand, realist views on intervention into the economic policy of a state differ. Notably under conservative government, the United Kingdom remained sceptical of the European Union despite the shifts of power that would occur regarding German domination, up until the appointment of Tony Blair. This exemplifies a realist attitude towards supranational government. Pluralism, perhaps, offers a mid-way approach, though some might call it a lack of conviction. The pluralist state is one that exists in a state of peace to enable itself to further its interests. Unfortunately, this medium approach is only successful with like-minded countries.
Balance of power arrangements however, have been superseded in recent times by ideas of transnationalism, a theory closely developed by both pluralism and globalism. The benefit of transnationalism is that it is a more accurate depiction of the world as it stands today. The focal point of such ideology is of course subject to change depending on the particularities of high and low politics. Such a view means that issues such as environmental degradation and famine can be addressed with relatively little opposition. What this supports, is a global consciousness reified by the actions of individual interest groups that are able, within this framework to take necessary action against various situations. Greenpeace is an exemplification of this process in its dealings with the Japanese fishing industry. By contrast, realism takes a fairly narrow view of global issues limiting them to those of national security and various affiliated issues. Subsequently, if the realist view of nations were to prevail, a copious ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 833 words of 1666.

Keywords: realism on globalization, globalization realist perspective, globalisation and realism

Similar essays


Cheating Online

Cheating. It?s everywhere in school, and not on your boyfriend/ girlfriend. Copying schoolwork. There was probably a time when your best pal came up to you and asked, ?Did you do your homework? I forgot to do mine.? You let him/ her copy and your day goes on. Cheating has been around since paper was made from papyrus reeds....

38 reviews
Download
Definition Of Integrity

The according to Webster's Dictionary is, "a rigid adherence to a code of behavior." There are though many ways to look at a persons integrity. A person with integrity possesses many qualities. Three of these qualities are honesty, the ability to follow a moral code, and loyalty to yourself and your beliefs. In The Crucible, a prime example of...

16 reviews
Download
The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases

Throughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system, particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynched for the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occured without any type of due process. As the judicial system has matu...

1 reviews
Download
How Affirmative Action Effects Us All

The roots of affirmative action can be traced back to the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act where legislation redefined public and private behavior. The act states that to discriminate in private is legal, but anything regarding business or public discrimination is illegal (?Affirmative? 13). There are two instances when opposin...

65 reviews
Download
American And Nigerian Culture

s are alike in some aspects of life, while being dissimilar in other aspects. This idea is clearly exemplified when one compares their own experience and knowledge of culture in America to that description and portrayal of Nigerian culture as seen through Buchi Emecheta's novel, The Wrestling Match. Both of our societies can be looked at as paral...

209 reviews
Download
Atsisiųsti šį darbą