- Discover essay samples

Politics of Plato and Aristotle

4.9 of 5.0 (86 reviews)

574 words

Politics of Plato and Aristotle Page 1
Politics of Plato and Aristotle Page 2
Politics of Plato and Aristotle Page 3
Politics of Plato and Aristotle Page 4
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Politics of Plato and Aristotle

Politics of Plato and Aristotle

To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of
politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is regarded
by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and
Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two
men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve
existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary
to look at several areas of each theory to seek the difference in

The main focus of Plato is a perfect society. He creates a
blueprint for a utopian society, in his book The Republic, out of his
disdain for the tension of political life. This blueprint
was a sketch of a society in which the problems he thought were
present in his society would be eased. Plato sought to
cure the afflictions of both human society and human personality. Essentially what Plato wants to achieve is a perfect

Aristotle, unlike Plato, is not concerned with perfecting
society. He just wants to improve on the existing one. Rather than
produce a blueprint for the perfect society, Aristotle suggested, in
his work, The Politics, that the society itself should reach for the
best possible system that could be attained. Aristotle
relied on the deductive approach, while Aristotle is an example of an
inductive approach. Utopia is a solution in abstract, a
solution that has no concrete problem. There is no solid
evidence that all societies are in need of such drastic reformation as
Plato suggests. Aristotle discovers that the best possible
has already been obtained . All that can be done is to try
to improve on the existing one.

Plato's utopia consists of three distinct, non-hereditary
class systems .The Guardians consist of non ruling
Guardians and ruling Guardians. The non-rulers are a higher level of
civil servants and the ruling is the society's policy makers. Auxilaries are soldiers and minor civil servants .
Finally the Workers, are composed of farmers and artisans, most
commonly unskilled laborers. The Guardians are to be wise
and good rulers. It is important that the rulers who emerge must be a
class of craftsmen who are public-spirited in temperament and skilled
in the arts of government areas .The guardians are to be
placed in a position in which they are absolute rulers. They are
supposed to be the select few who know what is best for society.

Aristotle disagrees with the idea of one class holding
discontinuing political power. The failure to allow
circulation between classes excludes those men who may be ambitious,
and wise, but are not in the right class of society to hold any type
of political power Aristotle looks upon this ruling class
system as an ill-conceived political structure . He quotes
?It is a further objection that he deprives his Guardians even of
happiness, maintaining that happiness of the whole state which should
be the object of legislation,? ultimately he is saying that Guardians
sacrifice their happiness for power and control. Guardians who lead
such a strict ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 574 words of 1147.

Keywords: political thought of plato and aristotle pdf, political thought of plato and aristotle, political ideas of plato and aristotle, political views of plato and aristotle, political philosophy of plato and aristotle pdf, plato vs aristotle politics, difference between aristotle and plato political thought, what is politics according to plato

Similar essays

National Unification and Identity

National unification and identity was also a theme presented in many preambles- namely, those of West Germany, Vietnam, and the Congo. West Germany, for example, asserted that all of the various German states, of which there were many, together achieved national unity; it also uses the term "German people," which implies a common national identity....

62 reviews
Character analysis

How would one define a heroine? According to the old Webster, a heroine is a woman of heroic achievements or qualities. When compared to other females, Catherine seems to be somewhat of an outcast. With that in mind, how is it that a person such as Catherine Morland fits into the category of a hero? Catherine Morland certainly had not...

108 reviews
The Civil War

During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite tri...

57 reviews
Definition Of American Democra

Slavery in America stems well back to when the new world was first discovered and was led by the country to start the African Slave Trade- Portugal. The African Slave Trade was first exploited for plantations in that is now called the Caribbean, and eventually reached the southern coasts of America (Slavery Two; Milton Meltzer). The African natives...

135 reviews
A comparison of medieval and r

It is amazing how aspects of society can and will change so significantly over the course of a few hundred years. Between the time periods of the Medieval era and the Renaissance, one can note numerous significant changes, mainly those pertaining to religion and art, and specifically, drama. In Medieval times, people seemed to rely mainly on...

30 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą