AskEssays.com - Discover essay samples

Media Effect

4.9 of 5.0 (155 reviews)

Contains
1520 words
Category
Other

Media Effect page 1
Media Effect page 2
Media Effect page 3
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Media Effect


I. Introduction Media nowadays is considered a window for learning and is also considered to be our main window to the world. Media has evolved from simple text in papers, to voices in radios, to voices with pictures in television and movies, to the very broad and information packed Internet. But as we all know, media has changed and evolved since then. Media then was primarily used to deliver news across the town and to beef up the people with the information they need for their everyday life. Then, newspaper was the only form of media until radio came into the picture. When radio came it became the most popular form of media. Then when television was born, it replaced radios and people turn to television for sources of information. But before the end of the millennium, Internet was born. Internet is now the most popular form of media not only to youngsters but also to adults because of its diversity and usefulness. As kinds of media evolve, contents also evolve. From recorded news to live news via a satellite. From simple text to attractive graphics. From variety shows to teen oriented programs. Media has changed a lot since it started. II. Kinds of Media Television The fossils found in American garbage dumps clearly show the evolution of the radio into the television set. Layers of fossil garbage from the WWI era (10 million years ago) contain fragments of radios that use vacuum tubes. The first televisions appear in the WWII layer (8 million years ago) that lies immediately above the WWI layer. The components in these early television sets are nearly identical with those in the WWI radios, so the radio clearly evolved into the television. Both the radio and television show signs of further evolution, with transistors replacing tubes in later models. Radios evolved into televisions through a process of random mutations and natural selection. All radios are built on an assembly line according to plans. When completed, the radios are tested to make sure they work. Occasionally, a radio is assembled incorrectly. In most cases, assembly errors cause the radio to work poorly, or not work at all. These errors are detected in the testing phase, and the faulty radios are destroyed. In very rare instances, however, an assembly error actually causes the radio to work better than normal. When this is detected in the testing phase, the radio is studied to find out what the difference is. The plans are modified to incorporate the beneficial error, and all subsequent radios are built this way. Over a period of 2 million years, the radio gradually evolved into a television set. Although the transitional forms have never been discovered, we know how this happened. One day, on a whim, a worker decided to add a picture tube to the radio. The picture tube didn't actually do anything, because there weren't any horizontal or vertical deflection circuits yet, but the little white dot in the center of the screen impressed the inspector so much that he changed the plans so that all future radios would have picture tubes. Some years later, another worker added deflection circuitry to make the little dot move across the screen from left to right and top to bottom. Since this was much more fun to look at, it was incorporated into the plans. Of course it cost more to build radios this way, but for some reason the moving light spot added some survival benefit in the electronics market. Since consumers would not buy a radio without a moving dot, all competing radios were built this way. At exactly the same time, somebody at a radio station decided to hook a camera up to the transmitter, instead of a microphone, just to see what would happen. The image was broadcast from the radio station to the television set, and the broadcast industry was born. Of course this is ridiculous. But is it any more ridiculous than the evolutionists' story of the development of the eye? Is it any more ridiculous than the evolutionists' fable about how wasps and figs had to have evolved at the same time so they could allow each other to reproduce? We don't think so. Certainly television did evolve from radio, in a particular sense of the word. It did not, and could not, evolve by random mutation and natural selection. Radio and television components definitely are similar. That doesn't prove that an early television was once a radio, or that television and radio shared a common ancestor that has not been discovered yet. It is simply evidence that common component building blocks can be assembled to create different products. Radio and television are both products of human intelligence. Their similarity is evidence of a common designer, not random chance. Phillip Johnson explains it this way: Tim Berra is a professor of zoology at Ohio State University. He wrote a book that was published by the Stanford University Press with the title Evolution and the Myth of Creationism: A Basic Guide to the Facts in the Evolution Debate. Berra's book has much the same purpose as this book [Defeating Darwinism]. It aims to explain, for nonscientists, how good thinkers should view the conflict between evolution and creation. Here is Berra's explanation of "evolution," which comes illustrated with photographs of automobiles in the middle of the book: Everything evolves, in the sense of "descent with modification," whether it be government policy, religion, sports cars, or organisms. The revolutionary fiberglass Corvette evolved from more mundane automotive ancestors in 1953. Other high points in the Corvette's evolutionary refinement included the 1962 model, in which the original 102-inch was shortened to 98 inches and the new closed-coupe Stingray model was introduced; ' [a long list of changes deleted] 'The point is that the Corvette evolved through a selection process on variations that resulted in a series of transitional forms and an endpoint rather distinct from the starting point. A similar process shapes the evolution of organisms. Of course, every one of those Corvettes was designed by engineers. The Corvette sequence--like the sequence of Beethoven's symphonies or the opinions of the United States Supreme Court--does not illustrate naturalistic evolution at all. ' I have encountered this mistake so often in public debates that I have given it a nickname: "Berra's Blunder." The evolution of television from black & white to color was very difficult because of the need for "backward compatibility". The number of American television sets grew from 137,000 in 1947 to more than 7 million in 1957. Broadcasters had to figure out how to transmit color signals that could be displayed on the existing 7 million black & white TVs. TV manufacturers had to figure out how to build color TV sets that could also display older B&W programs. It didn't just happen by chance. Now there are 200 to 300 million analog TV sets in America, none of which are compatible with the new digital HDTV signals. The "evolution" from analog TV to digital TV required a federal law making it illegal to broadcast analog TV signals after 2006. (The government seems to be backing away from that date now.) The change from analog to digital can't happen naturally. But what are these changes compared to a land-dwelling cow-like mammal turning into a whale? or a dinosaur turning into a bird? The evolution of TV or the Corvette is not evidence for evolution of new critters from old critters. TVs and Corvettes aren't changed at random to make the design better. That approach doesn't work, even with a highly intelligent selection process. Random changes will never turn a radio into a television. There has to be an intelligent purpose coordinating many design changes at once. Radio Since the sign-on of the first commercial radio station, KDKA Pittsburgh, in 1920, the radio industry has enjoyed tremendous popularity, provided listeners with endless hours of entertainment and information, and played a valuable role in the making of history. Radio's ubiquitousness and immediacy made it the place most people heard about such historical events as the crash of the Hindenburg zeppelin at Lakehurst, N.J., the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the landing of Allied troops at Normandy during World War II, and, more recently, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and the space shuttle Challenger disaster. Although Billboard has covered radio since the medium's infancy, it was not until the late '20s that radio became one of the magazine's regularly covered businesses. A Jan. 4, 1930, headline tells the story of the potential for the still-fledgling industry: "Radio Seen As One Of The Biggest Branches Of The Show Business." That article reported on radio's growing influence as an entertainment medium. "Against its wishes, in some respects, the amusement industry is being forced, more and more, to recognize the radio field as one of its most important and powerful branches," Billboard reported. "Five years ago a hybrid form of entertainment and frowned on by show business in general, the radio infant has grown within record time to the point where today it is second only to motion pictures as a gigantic industry in the entertainment business. And it ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 1520 words of 3039.

Keywords: media effects, media effects definition, media effects research, media effects advances in theory and research, media effects examples, media effects model, media effect theories list, media effects on individuals are said to be

Similar essays


America 2

America is the stereotype for countries wounded by salutary neglect and looking to set themselves free. All countries do not decide to become separate from their mother overnight, it is a long, drawn-out process that requires many actions and reactions, plus unity and nationalism. The American Colonies were strained to the limit before they b...

185 reviews
Download
Female Adaptation to Male Domi

The local bar was so sure that its bartender was the strongest man around that they offered a generous $1000 bet. The bartender would squeeze a lemon until all the juice ran into a glass, and hand the lemon to a patron. Anyone who could squeeze one more drop of juice out would win the money. Many people had tried over time but nobody could do i...

62 reviews
Download
I Want To Believe

Introduction I want to believe Ever since US Air Force Pilot Kenneth Arnold coined the term Flying Saucer, on 24th June 1947, after allegedly encountering nine disk shaped objects while out flying over the Cascade Mountains, the world wide sightings of such objects, has increased logarithmically. By 1957 the furor over UFO sightings show...

12 reviews
Download
Welfare in the u

.s. Welfare is a government program that provides money, medical care, food, housing, and other things that people need in order to survive. People who can receive help from these welfare programs are children, elders, disabled, and others who cannot support their families on their current income. Another name for welfare is public assistanc...

180 reviews
Download
Supply and demand 2

Recent medical advances have greatly enhanced the ability to successfully transplant organs and tissue. Forty-five years ago the first successful kidney transplant was performed in the United States, followed twenty years later by the first heart transplant. Statistics from the United Network for Organ Sharing (ONOS) indicate that in 1998 a tot...

68 reviews
Download
Shock treatment nike adverti

Shock treatment - nike adverti Title ' Shock Treatment Every company that has a product to sell wants to have their advertisements grab the attention of the potential buyer. Companies today are competing at high levels to come up with the advertisements that will be flashy and aggressive so consumers will become interested in their product...

165 reviews
Download
Purchasing a small business

Purchasing a Small Business Financial Management for the Small Business Purchasing a Small Business Outline I. Deciding to buy A. Why buy a small business? B. Starting out-the nine steps C. Initial details to consider 1. Are partners needed? 2. Economic factors 3. Is the location acceptable? 4. Tax strategy II. Where...

206 reviews
Download
Knowledge 2

?Knowledge? Knowledge can be interpreted in many different ways. Some may see knowledge as learned education. Others may see education as intelligence. None of these perspectives of knowledge are right or wrong. Every person is entitled to their own definition, source, and use of knowledge in their lives. I view knowledge as the wisd...

22 reviews
Download
Is ethnography a suitable meth

Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research on Residential Satisfaction and Community Participation. Ethnography within its wider field of research is described as the study of people?s behaviour in terms of social contexts, with emphasis on interaction in everyday situations (Lindsay, 1997). It is further defined as research that consti...

130 reviews
Download
Setting in the lottery

Setting in ?The Lottery? The setting in a story helps to form the story and it makes the characters become more interesting. There are three main types of setting. The first is nature and the outdoors, second is objects of human manufacture and construction and the third is cultural conditions and assumptions. These three things help the...

187 reviews
Download
Human Resource Management in E

1. INTRODUCTION 2 2. ENVIRONMENT 3 History 3 Political and economical context 4 Educational system 5 Cultural aspects 6 Business environment 7 3. EASTERN EUROPEAN HR PRACTICES 9 Recruitment 9 Compensation 9 4. EU ENLARGEMENT 11 5. AN EASTERN EUROPEAN HRM MODEL? 13 6. CONCLUSIONS 15 Ideas for future research 16 7. BIB...

78 reviews
Download
Utilitarianism

The concept of sustainable development is an attempt to balance two moral demands placed on the environment. The first demand is for development, including economic development or growth. It arises mainly from the interests of people who live in developing countries. Their present poverty gives them a low quality of life and calls urgently for s...

102 reviews
Download
Math Is The Language of The Un

Mathematics, the language of the universe, is one of the largest fields of study in the world today. With the roots of the math tree beginning in simple mathematics such as, one digit plus one digit, and one digit minus one digit, the tree of mathematics comes together in the more complex field of algebra to form the true base of calculations a...

6 reviews
Download
A comparison of typewriters vs

. computers TYPEWRITERS: AN ENDANGERED SPECIES? For well over a decade, experts in office automation have predicted the demise of the typewriter. In their view the computer is destined to tale over the word processing role enjoyed by the typewriter for over a century. Yet, a recent report (Fernberg, 1989, 49-50) indicates that electroni...

29 reviews
Download
Atsisiųsti šį darbą