- Discover essay samples

Hot Springs National Park

4.9 of 5.0 (2 reviews)

540 words

Hot Springs National Park Page 1
Hot Springs National Park Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Hot Springs National Park

Hot Springs National Park

Hot Springs National Park is an unusual geographical mix'a highly developed park in a small city surrounded by low-lying mountains with abundant flowers and animals.

Hot Springs Reservation was set aside on April 20, 1832, by the Federal Government to protect the 47 hot springs flowing from the southwestern slope of Hot Springs Mountain, at a temperature of 143' F, for future generations. The name was changed to Hot Springs National Park on March 4, 1921. The Hot Springs National Park is the oldest area in the national park system. It is also the smallest of the national parks. The park contains 5,839.24 acres.

Waters gushing from hot springs are more than 4,000 years old. The pores and fractures in the rock conduct the water deep into the Earth. As the water percolates downward, the increasingly warmer rock heats it, and filters out the impurities. In the process the water dissolves minerals in the rocks. Eventually the water meets the faults and joints in the Hot Springs Sandstone leading up to the lower west side of Hot Springs Mountain where it flows to the surface. The waters gush at an average rate of 850,000 gallons a day.

For Indians, the Hot Springs was a neutral ground where different tribes came to hunt, trade and bathe in peace. Tradition has it that the first Europeans to see the springs were the Spanish explorer Hernando deSoto and his troops in 1541. French trappers, hunters, and traders became familiar with the area in the late-l7th century. In 1803 the United States acquired the area when it purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, and the very next year President Thomas Jefferson dispatched an expedition led by William Dunbar and George Hunter to explore the newly acquired springs. Their report to the President was widely publicized and stirred up interest in the "Hot Springs of the Washita."

In the years that followed, more and more people came here to soak in the waters. Soon the idea of "reserving" the springs for the Nation took root, and a proposal was submitted to the Congress. Then, in 1832, the Federal Government took the unprecedented step of setting aside four sections of land here, the first U. S. reservation made simply to protect a natural resource. Little effort was made to mark the boundaries adequately, and by the mid-1800's, claims and counterclaims were filed on the springs and the land surrounding them.

In the 1870s, the government continued to control the springs and to reserve certain areas as federal property. Private bathhouses, under the supervision of the Federal Government, were allowed to be built. These establishments ranged from the simple to the luxurious. The government even operated a U.S. Free Bathhouse and a Public Health facility. Gradually Hot Springs came to be called "The National Spa," and such slogans as "Uncle Sam Bathes the World"' and "The Nation's Health Sanitarium" were used to promote the city.

By 1921, the Hot Springs Reservation was such a popular destination for vacationers and seekers of health remedies that the new National Park Service's first director, Stephen Mather, convinced Congress to declare the reservation the 18...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 540 words of 1079.

Keywords: hot springs national park map, hot springs national park camping, hot springs national park visitor center, hot springs national park weather, hot springs national park swimming, hot springs national park trails, hot springs national park facts, hot springs national park photos

Similar essays

Mga Sangkap ng Balita

Ang isang balita ay nagiging balita lamang kung ito ay nakakapukaw ng interes ng mga tagapakinig o mambabasa. Kaya maaaring sabihing ang anumang kaganapan na balita para sa isa ay hindi balita para sa iba. Narito ang mga sangkap ng balita na maaaring makapagbigay ng interes sa mga tagapakinig at mambaba 1:: Kapanahunan - Ito ay bago pa lamang n...

104 reviews
Boxing Should this unjustifi

Boxing - Should this unjustifi Boxing has always been a sport surrounded with controversy. It is known for its brutal nature, pitching two athletes against each other and allowing them to battle each other until one gain advantage over his opponent by rendering him unconscious. Yet this brutal sport still manages to attract countless fans despi...

184 reviews
Leadership styles and its appl

icability in India "Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things." Leaders There are many ways to differentiate leaders from others persons. A recognised leader is someone who has followers; whose focus is not on popularity but on results; a role model - he/she is highly visible and leads by example - is...

88 reviews
Reductive psychology

What is reductive psychology? I took the subway after a whole day of work. It was already 7 PM, but the heat of the severe summer of Buenos Aires didn?t dismiss the daylight yet. The subway was full. The people felt bothered by the closeness of their neighbors, sources of heat. We did our best to fight against our irrepressible wishes to...

142 reviews
Serial killers 2

Prior to discussing what serial killers do, we must identify and pinpoint what a serial killer is. We generally tend to attribute the same name for serial killers and mass murderers. This is incorrect because they are two independent and different types of killers. While both of these individuals may kill many people, the difference lies...

187 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą