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History Of Papermaking

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Papermaking goes as far back as 105 A.D. when Ts'ai Lun, an official
at the Imperial Court of China, made a sheet of paper using mulberry and
other fibres along with fish nets, rags and hemp waste. The first paper
was made in 793 A.D. in Baghdad during Harun-ar-Raschid's rule, with the
golden age of Islamic culture that brought papermaking to Europe.

By the 14th century paper mills existed all over Europe, particularly
in Spain, Italy, France and Germany. During the 1450's paper printing(by
machines) was introduced and the demand for paper increased all over the
world. Papermaking remained unchanged till the 18th century, with linen
and cotton rags used for raw materials. This soon presented a shortage,
since no more rags and linen were available and it is was apparent that a
process for utilizing a more abundant material was required.


In 1800 a book was published which stated practical methods for
manufacturing paper from wood and vegetable pulps. Soon many publishing
processes were developed and the paper industry no longer had to depend on
rags and linen and this made mass production possible. There were two main
kinds of pulping processes used in the 18th century and they were,
mechanical or groundwood pulping and chemical pulping. Mechanical pulping
contains certain wood components and therefore, it is not suitable for
paper in which high whiteness and permanence are required. Mechanical pulp
was first made in Germany in the 1840's, but was not used much until 1870.
Chemical wood pulp is ...

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Keywords: history of papermaking in china, history of papermaking in england, history of papermaking in ancient china, history of papermaking in uk reading answers, history of papermaking in europe, history of papermaking art, why was papermaking invented

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