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Hinduism was born in India around the year 1500 b.c. It is world wide spread and has millions of followers. The word Hindu is derived from the word sindhu, means Indu river in Sanskrit; but their own definition of their religion is "those who believe in the Vedas" or those who follow the teaching(dharma) of the four classes(varnas) and stages of life (ashrams). Hinduism is a religion that is clearly concerned with many aspects of life.

Hinduism basically pays attention to what people do rather than what they think, this is reflected in the way there is more uniformity of behavior than of belief in the religion. There are more than 700 millions of Hindus around the world, and the religion is still practiced by those whose families have migrated from India to other parts of the world, such as East Africa, South Africa, Southeast Asia, the East Indies, and England.

A few usage's are observed by almost all Hindus: reverence for Brahmans (priests), and cows; no eating meat specially beef; the wide variety of beliefs and practices; and marriage between the caste.

Most Indus worship Shiva, Vishnu, or Devi, but they also worship hundreds of additional minor gods, such as Sarsuati and Ganesha depending on a particular place or to a particular family.

The ultimate authority for all Hindus are the Vedas. The oldest of the four Vedas is the Rig-Veda, which was composed in and ancient form of the Sanskrit language in northwest India. This text, consisting of 1028 hymns to a pantheon of gods, has been memorized syllable by syllable and preserved orally to the present day. The Vedas, including the Brahmans and the Upanishads, are regarded as revealed (shruti) that means " What has been heard from the gods", and no syllable can be changed.


Hindus believe that the universe is like a great cosmic egg. Inside of it are numerous "concentric" heavens, hells, oceans, and continents. They believe that time is both degenerative, which means destructive and cyclic.

It starts in the golden age, or Krita Yuga. In this time two intermediate periods of decreasing goodness occur, which lead us to the present age. The destructive phase, in which we are apparently entering is known as the Kali Yuga.

At the end of each Kali Yuga, the universe is destroyed by fire and flood, and a new golden age begins. This explains more or less, the "Big Bang" phenomenom. Which means hindus unlike "apocalyptic" religions think that the universe will be destroyed one morning, but instead that nature will renew itself with destruction.

Human life, too, is cyclic: After death, the soul leaves the body and is reborn in the body of another person. This condition of endless entanglement in activity and rebirth is called sam-sara.

Hindu believes may be divided into two groups: Those who seek the sacred and profane rewards of this world (health, wealth, children, and good rebirth), and those who seek release from the world. The principles of life were taken from the Vedas and the Upanishads. This are represented not only in the different cults of renunciation (sannyasa) but also in the ideological ideals of most individual Hindus.

The wordly aspect of Hinduism originally had three Vedas, three classes of society (varnas), three stages of life (ashrasmas), and three "goals of a man " (purushartthas), the goals or needs of women being seldom discussed in the ancient text. To the first three Vedas was added the Atharva-Veda. The first three classes (Brahman, or priestly; Kshatriya, or warrior; and Vaisya, or general populace) were derived from the tripartite division of ancient Indo-European society, traces of which can be detected in certain social and religious institutions of ancient Greece and Rome. To the three classes were added the Shudras, or servants, after the Indo-Aryans settled into the Punjab and began to move down into the Ganges Valley: The three original ashramas were the chaste student (brahmachari), the householder (grihastha) and the forest-dweller (vanaprastha) They were said to owe three debts: study of the Vedas(owed to the sages); a son (to ...

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Keywords: hinduism gods, hinduism vs buddhism, hinduismus, hinduism symbol, hinduism beliefs, hinduism founder, hinduism holy book, hinduism definition

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