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George orwell

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George orwell

George orwell

Eric Arthur Blair, most prominently known as George Orwell lived between the years of 1903-1950. His writings were influenced by both world events as well as his own personal experiences. Orwell displayed these influences in his last novel, Nineteen Eighty-four.

George Orwell was born in Motihari, Bengal, India on June 25, 1903 ("Orwell" Grolier n.pag."). Orwell was only his pen name, while his real name was Eric Arthur Blair("Orwell" Compton n.pag.). He was born a British citizen abroad("George" Discovering 6). Orwell's father was a minor British official. His family had some social status but little money. This helped Orwell in formulating his opinions toward the English class system.("Orwell " Compton n.pag.) Orwell was born into a lower middle class family that struggled to provide him with an education("George" Discovering 1).

In 1911, his family returned to England. He attended school in Sussex, where he was known for his poverty and intelligence. He then attended Eton College but decided not to continue and went to Burma in 1922, as a member of the British Imperial Police.("Orwell" Compton n.pag.) In his spare time, he enjoyed fishing, carpentry gardening and racing animals("George" Discovering 6).

On June 9, 1936, Orwell married Eileen O'Shaughnessy("George" Discovering 6). In 1945, his wife died and he married his second wife, Sonia Brownwell, an editorial assistant on October 13, 1949. Orwell married Sonia only eight months before his death.("Orwell" Twentieth 745) During his marriage he adopted a son, Richard Horato("George' Discovering 6).

In December of 1947, Orwell was hospitalized for tuberculosis. He had suffered from this ailment since his mid-thirties("George" Discovering 2). Orwell died at the age of 46 from complications from tuberculosis("Orwell" Twentieth 745).

Throughout Orwell's educational process, he had build up a sense of bitterness. St. Cyrian Prep. School, in which Orwell had attended, provided him with his first glimpse of misused power.("George" Discovering 6+)

In 1922, he became an officer for the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. After five years with the Burma Police, he became disgusted with the British system. As a result, he left determined to become a writer.("George" Discovering 1+)

Orwell hated the totalitarian governments and in 1936, had joined the republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. He fought against the communist overtaking of Spain and was eventually forced to flee for his life.("George" [online] 1+) Orwell considered himself to be a Democratic Socialist and fought for the loyalists. He became a lieutenant while serving in the war. He was based in Catalonia, Spain. In 1937, Orwell joined the Party of Marxist Unity which was also known as POUM. Orwell was injured during a battle and was forced to hide and then flee for his life.("George" Discovering 6+)

While back in England, he served as a sergeant during Word War II("George" Discovering 6). When Orwell reflected on his experiences he stated that "In a world where the prime necessities were money, titled relatives, athleticism, tailor made clothes, neatly brushed hair, charming smile and so I was no good. I knew that the future was dark. Failure, failure, failure'"("George Discovering 8).

Orwell returned to England to become a writer and he quickly established himself as one of the most important and influential voices of the century("Orwell" Grolier n.pag.). Walter Greenwood from the London Tribune said, "Orwell has the gift of writing vividly, of creating in the mind's eye a picture of the scene described"("George" Discovering 10)

Orwell, looking back at his work, stated "Looking back through my work, I see that it is invariably where I lacked political purpose that I wrote lifeless books"("George" Discovering 10).

Orwell's first major critical and popular success was Animal Farm. This novel was intended to depict the inevitable course of all revolutions especially the Soviet Union.("George" Discovering 2+)

Animal Farm a modern beast-fable attacking Stalinism("Orwell" Grolier n.pag.). The history of the revolution betrayed in the animal world is based partly on what Orwell had seen of the communist usurpation of power in Spain and partly on what he read of the Russian Revolution(Woodcock 21).

In 1947, Orwell said that "Animal Farm was the first book in which I tried with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole."(Zeher 27). Animal Farm was an expression of Orwell's moral and intellectual fury before the concept of totalitarianism(Shorer 1+).

"The most common critical approach to Animal Farm acknowledges that, while Orwell's specific political purpose was to show that the Soviet Union was not fulfilling the promise of socialism and was also intended as an illustration of the inherent dangers of all totalitarian systems."("George" Discovering 3).

Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four, both warn of the dangers of the growing power of modern governments("George" Discovering 7). Basically, "Orwell's long struggle for success, his willingness to brave controversy and his untimely death all contributed to making him a legend"("George" Discovering 14).

In England, the government was going through many changes in political officers. As a result of these changes, many new laws were being passed and movements such as feminism were advancing.(Clark 493)

"Several different kinds of feminism advanced steadily through the nineteenth century. In some British communities, for instance among the Quakers, women had enjoyed complete equality with men for centuries."(Clark 493)

In Spain, the Spanish Civil War began in the middle of July, 1936. General Franco organized a right wing military rising against the government. As a consequence to Franco, an anti-fascist group ...

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