- Discover essay samples

Discovery of society

4.9 of 5.0 (152 reviews)

1405 words

Discovery of society Page 1
Discovery of society Page 2
Discovery of society Page 3
Discovery of society Page 4
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Discovery of society

What is the meaning of society? It's a simple word but with a very complicated definition. Society is our own everyday reality. It's features such as economics, culture, language and philosophy is what unites individuals and creates a society. In the book, 'The Discovery of Society', written by Randall Collins and Michael Makowsky we are able to capture the ideas and beliefs of a variety of social thinkers. All of these thinkers had a different perspective towards what a society needs to survive and maintain itself afloat.

One of these social thinkers was Karl Marx (1818-1883). He was a German political philosopher and revolutionist. Marx was very concern with the history of class struggle. He felt that the history of society was a history itself of the struggles that existed between the ruling and the oppressed social classes. In Marx's time, slaves were considered the 'have not's' and were the ones doing all the work while the 'have's' were taking advantage of their effort.

According to Marx, the economy was organized around industrial production and commercial exchange, which explains why he classified the bourgeois society into two main classes. These classes were; the capitalist who owned the factories, banks and the goods to trade and the proletarians who owned nothing but their own labor power. Marx felt that the division of classes was what was responsible for the conflict and suffering of all society. This is what encouraged Marx to believe that chaos was the only way in which classes would break up and no longer exist.

Marx was able to get his point across in the modern socialist doctrine, better known as the Communist Manifesto. Even though, Marx was ordered to leave Paris because of all his revolutionary activities he did set a great influence on all communist literature.

The situation of the banishment of Marx was very similar to what one of the characters in the book of, 'Brave New World', Bernard Marx, had to experience. This certain character is similar to Karl Marx because of the way in which he didn't agree with the system that already existed. This caused the World Controller to decide that it was best to sent him away in order to prevent him from putting ideas in the minds of other individuals of the society. In the case of Karl Marx the character, World Controller, could be associated with the Belgian government, who was the one fearful that the revolutionary activities undertaken by Marx, could influence people to be against their system. Both of them had to be isolated from their settled lives because of their views towards how the society would function more effectively.

Even though Marx's belief was well acclaimed, everyone did not accept his ideas. In particular, Emile Durkheim was terrified by the idea of chaos revolting in the society and that is why he explains togetherness and not chaos to be what makes up a society. Durkheim, a bourgeois liberal, was concerned with the instability, violence and decline in social order.

Durkheim felt that the common values shared by a society, such as morality and religion were the basis of social stability. In his opinion, these values were what maintained a society together and without them it would lead the society into social instability and the individuals within the society feeling anxiety and dissatisfaction. One of the results of these feelings could lead someone into alienation. We see an example of this concept with Durkheim when his weakness and insecurity lead him to lose reality of both societal and religious tradition. An example of alienation could be identified with the character of Onkonkwa, in 'Things Fall Apart'. Onkonkwa lost his sense of reality when he finally realized that the British had been successful in converting the society into what he couldn't accept to be so he decided to kill himself. This term of alienation is also seen in the book, 'Brave New World', with the Savage, when he sees this brave new world as unsuitable to what he searches from life and feels he doesn't belong and takes his life away.

The behavior that results from the feeling of alienation could be viewed as out of place or unfitting which is really social. As for the interpretation given by Marx concerning alienation, was from only an economic stand. Marx's understanding of this idea was that people were alienated from their own work, which then caused the person to feel as if they weren't creative enough or useful. An example of this would be the use of the assembly line because a human is not necessarily required in order for the machine to do its job. Marx accuses capitalism as a result of this. It was quite obvious that Marx wanted capitalism to be eliminated and be replaced by a classless society of communism.

The view of Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, (1760-1825) a French socialist, concerning the division of classes was that the society should have remained as a hierarchy. Saint-Simon wanted to create what was called the perfect meritocracy. In this type of structure the society was to be divided into three different groups. The first one were; the intellectually developed who would become scientists, the second; the more emotional would become the poets and artists, and the third; the more motor-oriented will become workers organizers.

This whole entire concept of classifying the society into groups was exactly what Marx was opposed to. This idea is similar to what was portrayed in the book 'Brave New World', concerning the issue of conditioning humans and then categorizing each one into named classes. Saint-Simon's concept of perfect meritocracy was wrong because it didn't consider the wants and needs of the individual.

According to Saint-Simon, in the time of feudalism the old era had been devoted to only war and religion. For the new era he proposed that it be dedicated to the production of useful goods and services and also be an era of peace. Saint-Simon was mainly interested with the development of industrialization in the new era of history. Industrialization was a term created by Saint-Simon himself. The meaning of this idea was that it would improve the society by eliminating war and poverty and also by keeping a level of justice in the society. Saint-Simon also believed that religion would be the main force guiding the development of industrialization.

It's difficult to decide on how one should interpret the true meaning of a society. In order to understand the social reality of society you must try to understand the other person's point of views, try to get in touch with their lived experiences and situate yourself in their position.

In the book, 'Things Fall Apart'; we are able to see this situation when the British attempt and succeed in colonizing the society of the Ibo and other neighboring tribes. In this example, its really a contradiction which is set by the British because they wanted to force this society to be who they weren't and the British didn't take into consideration the organization already set up by the Ibo.

I feel we still have a few more years to go before we could actually comprehend the meaning of society. As for the past philosophers, some of them did depict a close picture of what was expected in the present time. To be honest, the social thinker I could relate the most is Karl Marx for the reason that he was so strongly opposed to class division. Even though, it would be great if there weren't any divisions in our society but it is impossible. I feel this way because in our society exists too much racism. Also no matter how hard we try not to classify people into groups its difficult. You either have money and you are on the top level or middle or you have no money and are homeless. In this society and every other one it's all about the Benjamin's in your pocket and bank account!

What is the meaning of society? It's a simple word but with a very complicated definition. Society is our own everyday reality. It's features such as economics, culture, ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 1405 words of 2809.

Keywords: the discovery of society pdf, the discovery of society randall collins pdf, the discovery of society chapter summary, the discovery of society textbook, discovery society faridabad, discovery society islamabad, discovery place preschool society of edmonton, discovery of rhesus factor affect society

Similar essays

Academic discourse vs

. popular discourse Academic Discourse A discourse community basically speaks for itself and the people involved in that community. It is the way that people within a specific group communicate about common topics of interest. In this paper I will compare the numerous differences between two types of discourse communities. There is an a...

173 reviews
How television affects childre

Television: How It Effects Children Is television a positive force in the lives of young children? That is the question many parents find themselves asking. They come home from work to see their child glued to the TV not willing to move for anything. What these parents do not realize is that many problems may occur from their children wa...

154 reviews
Alcohol An Issue Within Colleg

Alcohol: An Issue within College Society Do you remember graduating high school? Remember all the questions you had to ask yourself. What are you going to do now? Do you want to work? Do you want to go to school again for another four years? These questions are eventually answered and some choose to find a job, and others figure out that going to...

164 reviews
The evolution of professional

WRESTLING Wrestling is defined as a sport in which the opponents wrestle, or struggle hand to hand. This has been done for thousands of years. Wrestling is probably one of the oldest sports in the world. Along with the discovery of mummies, gold, and priceless artifacts that had not been seen by human eyes in thousands of years. There...

30 reviews
The Protestant Ethic And The S

?How did the Calvinists beliefs relating to worldly asceticism and predestination, encourage the development of Western capitalism, in Webers view.? In this essay, I am first going to briefly look at Webers idea and how it differed form the view Marx put forward on the development of Western capitalism. I am then going to look at the way Weber saw...

171 reviews
Is daycare a viable option

Is Daycare A Viable Alternative Young families today face many tough decisions. Financially it is almost imperative that both adult members of the family work. With this a reality can one rest assured that their children are being taken care of properly? Health, socialization, and morals are just a few things that influence the decision...

31 reviews
Cross Cultural Psychology

Psychology is a science with abounding applications. It pertains to nearly all aspects of human life and behavior. It reveals mysteries about people, and culture as well. Psychology plays a large role in the field of Anthropology, a field devoted piecing together the puzzle of cultures around the world. The area of psychology best suited for th...

87 reviews
Hobbes Philosophy

Born during a period of medieval philosophy, Thomas Hobbes developed a new way of thinking. He perfected his moral and political theories in his controversial book Leviathan, written in 1651. In his introduction, Hobbes describes the state of nature as an organism analogous to a large person (p.42). He advises that people should look into themselve...

134 reviews
Ultimately disgusting

Ultimate fighting is one of the most brutal and barbaric sports ever to be seen on television. Ultimate fighting is a no-rules fighting competition, designed to provide violent entertainment for its viewers. In this competition a fighter is allowed to punch, kick, and choke his opponent to win a fight. Ultimate fighting first came to the Uni...

3 reviews
Plato and love

Society?s current strides in the advancement of feminist ideas and the equality of the sexes, tends to create ideas that women and men can sufficiently survive without the other. However, in a time a homosexuality and liberation of women?s subordination of men, humanity cannot ignore the fact that neither sex can survive without the other. Lo...

104 reviews
Biblical Analysis on Genesis a

After Adam and Eve the Hebrew ancestry grew on the shoulders of Abraham. From there we learn of the many books that comprise and make up the collection of stories that is The Bible. Depending on who you ask, The Bible according to the first full English translation (, King James Version,) construes the Old Testament and the New Testament, and...

31 reviews
Entertainment And News

News coverage, whether by television, radio, the internet, or newspaper must be selective, selective not simply in which stories it reports but in how it presents them as well. The media is incapable of providing a rundown of everything that has transpired in a day. Therefore, editors, reporters, etc? decide what will go into the reports. Equall...

133 reviews
Influence of Television and Ra

Influence of TV And Radio One of the most important means of communication by pictures and sounds is the television. Most of what we learn comes from television. Just think of all that we see in just one hour of television-commercials, educational programs, sitcoms, etc. The TV is another source that we can learn from about lands...

180 reviews
Learning Behavior

Psychologists have preformed many studies and proposed many theories regarding learning. Learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that is due to past experience. John B. Watson was an early psychologist that didn't agree with many other psychologist's ideas about learning only relating to consciousness and thought pro...

151 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą