- Discover essay samples

Disaster Spills Across Bhopal

4.9 of 5.0 (14 reviews)

475 words
Science & Nature

Disaster Spills Across Bhopal Page 1
Disaster Spills Across Bhopal Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Imagine a world without chemicals. Even though they sound so horrible, we use them in all most everything. Like the saying goes, 'can't live with them, can't live without them,' chemicals are involved in our everyday lives, yet they are so forgien to the human body. When people interact with these things the wrong way they get hurt, so it doesn't make sense that chemicals are used so dependently. So what happens when something goes wrong, and it has. On more than one occasion people or machines make mistakes and many people suffer.
A large maker of chemicals, Union Carbide, built its corporation in Bhopal, India, not expecting the worst. The worst being a disaster that would ruin the company's reputation permanently. An angry worker, mad at a manager, decided to spoil a batch of chemicals in the plant. On the night of December 2nd, 1984, the unnamed suspect pumped large amounts of water into a chemical storage tank with a hose (Saxon, 1). The tank was filled with the gas Methyl Isocyanate (MIC), a chemical used in pesticides and very lethal to humans (Leonard, 3).
Around 11:00 p.m., a worker noted that heat and pressure were building in a tank and called for assistance, but by then it was too late. At 12:56 a.m., the morning of December 3rd, a faulty valve ruptured, allowing the deadly gas to escape into the atmosphere and cause a huge vapor puff to fall onto silent, sleeping Bhopal (Cush, 30).
Before the release of 40 tons of MIC, Bhopal was a prospering city. The population was growing to about 700,000 people. In India large corporations were encouraged to build there to bring more jobs to the community and raise the economy. So when Union Carbide built their plant in the middle of heavy slums and shantytowns, they were welcomed with open arms.
In the seven years the plant was running, it experienced six small accidents, and still had no safety plan in case of an emergency. To prevent the seventh accident from happening there were two safety devices, but they both broke down. The first machine, called a scrubber, was supposed to contain the highly toxic gas by adding another chemical to neutralize it. Rumor was that it couldn't contain the amount of leaking gas. The second was to burn the gas before it caused harm, but it also failed (Cush, 30).
As the black cloud fell, the people of Bhopal died without ever knowing what happened (Bhopal India, 1). Others that knew what was happening tried to run to escape its wrath, but it showed no mercy. People were instantly blinded, and once inhaled, blood was coughed up and people gasped for air, only to inhale more fumes (Cush, 31). As well as torturing deaths there were many diseases given. Damaged immune systems, posttraumatic stress disorders, menstrual and gastronomical problems ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 475 words of 949.

Keywords: bhopal disaster process safety, bhopal disaster how it happened, bhopal disaster victims, bhopal disaster consequences

Similar essays

Desert Biome

Any barren region that supports very little life may be called a desert. The cold expanses of Antarctica, extreme northern Asia, and Greenland are therefore true, but cold, deserts. Most commonly, however, the term desert is used for regions that are barren because they are arid, or dry. Arid deserts receive little precipitation and are characteriz...

112 reviews
Renewables, The Energy Source For America's Future

When many people thing of the United States, they envision a land of freedom, prosperity, and wealth. However, environmentalists see a different land, one containing six percent of the world's population, and yet producing twenty-five percent of the world's pollution. This is because much of our prosperity is direct result of our exploitation of...

93 reviews
The Rock Cycle

The rock cycle I. what types of rocks are affected by volcanoes and how are they affected/formed? A. "igneous rocks begin as magma in the rock cycle" "when lava cools enough it solidifies and turns into igneous rock" (Peter 44). 1. Close your eyes. Now imagine a bowl of ice cream; take that bowl of ice cream and pour some Hershey shell on it. At...

144 reviews
Chlamydia 2

Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, hence the name; Chlamydia The word chlamys is Greek for "cloak draped around the shoulder.' This describes how the intracytoplasmic inclusions caused by the bacterium are "draped" around the infected cell's nucleus. Scientists discovered the organism in 1907, although it probably has bee...

157 reviews
Hawaiian Goose

The Branta sandvicensis, or looks similar to the Canada Goose except only the face, cap, and hindneck are black; and Nene have buff- colored cheeks. The males and female have the same plumage. The feet of this goose are not completely webbed like the other geese. Lots of calls have been described but the most common call is very similar to th...

36 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą