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Development of Communist Theory

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Development of Communist Theory

If neither Marx or Engels never lived and written the books

they did, former Soviet Union and China would probably be conducting

their governmental systems in a different manner. Defined by Marx and

Engels, the communist theory can be summed up in the single phrase:

abolition of private property (Engels, Marx 80). Communists are

distinguished by the lower working class which will rise to overthrow

the higher supreme class (Engels, Marx 80). The second distinction can

be found in the struggle of the proletariats against the Bourgeoisie,

or the higher class (Engels, Marx 80).

Marx and Engels state that society as a whole is more and more

splitting up into the great hostile camps, or opposing classes; the

Proletariats and the Bourgeoisie (Engels, Marx 58). Political power,

property so called is merely the organized power of one class

oppressing another (Engels, Marx 95). "Communism deprives no man of

the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is

to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labor of others by means

of such appropriation (Engels, Marx 86)."

Communists do not form a separate party opposed to other

working class parties. There are ten measures needed to convert to

communism (Engels, Marx 94). 1. Abolition of property in land and

application of all rents of land to the public. 2. Heavy progressive

income tax. 3. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. 4. Confiscation

of the property of all emigrants and rebels. 5. Centralizing of credit

in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with a state

capital. 6. Centralizing of the means of communication and

transportation in the hands of the state. 7. Factories and production

owned by the state and cultivation of wastelands. 8. Equal liability

of all labor. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for

agriculture. 9. Combining agriculture and manufacturing industries;

abolition of distinction between town and country by a more equal

distribution of the population. 10. Free education for all children in

public schools. Abolition of children's factory labor (Engels, Marx

94). According to Marx and Engels these were the ten steps to follow

if you wanted your country to convert to communism.

Marx and Engels had their influence in modern ideology because

heads of state put their ideas into action in their own countries

(Hacker 516). Words and phrases taken from Marx and Engels' ...

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Keywords: the development of communism, communist model of development

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