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Cosmetic Testing on Animals

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Cosmetic Testing on Animals

Every year, millions of animals suffer and die in painful

tests to determine the safety of cosmetics. Substances such as eye

shadow and soap are tested on rabbits, rats, guinea pigs, dogs, and

other animals, despite the fact that the test results don't help

prevent or treat human illness or injury.

Cosmetics are not required to be tested on animals and since

non-animal alternatives exist, it's hard to understand why some

companies still continue to conduct these tests. Cosmetic companies

kill millions of animals every year to try to make a profit.

According to the companies that perform these tests, they are done to

establish the safety of a product and the ingredients. However, the

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which regulates cosmetic products,

does not require animal testing. Some of the tests used on animals are

eye irritancy tests, acute toxicity tests, and skin irritancy tests.

In eye irritancy tests, a liquid, flake, granule, or powdered

substance is dropped into the eyes of a group of albino rabbits. The

animals are often immobilized in stocks from which only their heads

protrude. They usually receive no anesthesia during the tests.

After placing the substance into the rabbits eyes, lab technicians

record the damage to the eye tissue at specific intervals over an

average period of 72 hours. The tests sometimes last seven to eighteen

days. Reactions to the substances include swollen eyelids,

ulceration, bleeding, swollen irises massive deterioration, and

blindness. During the tests, rabbits eyelids are usually held open

with clips, because of this, many animals try to break their necks as

they try to escape.

Acute toxicity tests, commonly called lethal dose or poisoning

tests, determine the amount of a substance that will kill a

percentage, even up to one-hundred percent, of a group of test

animals. In these tests, a substance is forced by tube into the

animals stomach or through holes cut in their throats. Experimenters

observe the animals reactions which can include convulsions, labored

breathing, malnutrition, skin eruptions, and bleeding ...

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