- Discover essay samples

Computer history

4.9 of 5.0 (206 reviews)

721 words

Computer history Page 1
Computer history Page 2
Computer history Page 3
Computer history Page 4
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Computer history


Computers affect the lives of nearly everyone living today. No matter where it is that someone calls their home; there is almost a certainty that they have some sort of daily interaction with computers or some kind of computer driven device. Every morning, millions of people of every field imaginable go off to work and start up their computers. These daily activities occur often without much thought, but there are more than just minor factors that have led up to the development of today's computer.

Through research and advances made as early as the late nineteenth century, and even before that in some instances, today's computer related technologies have emerged. A major influence in the development of what is now known as the computer were made by the United States military in the 1940's and 1950's. The needs of the military at the time required that a system be created that could aid in the aiming of ballistic military equipment. Today's modern computers are undoubtedly the result of the United States military's early developments and technological advancements in computing. Because of the military's need for the computer earlier this century, great advancements have been, and will continue to be made in the way of computers and other technologies.

Truly the first computers, or tools made with the intention of being used for calculating, were made many centuries ago. Throughout history, people have used a diverse array of devices to help them do both simple and complex calculations. Tools have varied from fingers to computers. Tools such as the abacus have aided men for many centuries in doing math. They have simplified complicated tasks, and have, in some instances, even made it possible to avoid doing certain manual tasks. However, one of the most deserving devices of praise is the common computer of today. The electronic computers now in use gain much of their influence from the United States military's work from earlier this century (Beveridge).

From Military Needs to Every Desktop

A major advocate during the early and middle parts of this century of computer technology and advancement was the military. It was interested in the computer primarily for its ability to greatly improve accuracy in missile shots. Many different people, along with the creation and advancement of technologies, were needed in order for the military's ambition for the use of computer capabilities to be accomplished. Several of the key people involved in the advancement of computers and some of the technologies resulting are discussed in some of the following articles.

Several events and inventions from early this century paved the road for the development that would later occur by the United States military. One example is that of Vannevar Bush. Bush invented a large-scale differential analyzer, a device that was a precursor to the computer. The 1930's saw the first of the electronic computers. In 1935, a scientist named Konrad Zuse developed the Z-1 computer. Soon thereafter, in 1936, John Vincent Atanasoff and John Berry developed the Atanasoff-Berry computer. Later developments made by Bell Telephone Lab led to the creation of the Complex Number Calculator in 1939. Though many of these advancements were helpful, they lacked what was needed by the United States military. However, soon the military would be drawn to the possibilities that were offered by computers (Beveridge).

Prior to the start of the Second World War, the United States military gained much interest in the potential that the newly developing computers of the time had to offer. Though quite primitive by today's standards, the military saw that there was much possibility in the computers capabilities and advantage that could be gained through the use of computers. During the time of World War I, there were only analog computer systems available. These differ from modern computers in that they are more mechanical than they are electronic. The function of the analog computers in the first of the World Wars was to calculate a torpedoes course when launched from a submarine. Additionally, some analog systems were used for the purpose of bombsights in war aircraft.

Howard Hathaway Aiken (1900 - 1973), a Harvard University mathematician, and Grace Hopper (...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 721 words of 1442.

Keywords: computer history museum, computer history timeline, computer history in hindi, computer history pdf, computer history in tamil, computer history and generation, computer history in marathi, computer history museum hours

Similar essays


People are, by nature, very gullible, nieve and border on ignorance. There are very few that strive for understanding. Most accept what is told them by friends, the media and the government without question. Take for, instance, the calorie. Millions of Americans read the labels of food containers and worry endlessly about the number of calo...

21 reviews

'' Isolated in their own worlds, people with autism appear indifferent and remote. They are normally unable to form emotional bonds with others. Although people with this brain disorder can display a wide range of symptoms and disabilities, many are incapable of understanding other people's thoughts, feelings, and needs. Often, their langu...

72 reviews

Curtis Shephard : Immortality or total annihilation? Technology has evolved from ideals once seen as unbelievable to common everyday instruments. Computers that used to occupy an entire room are now the size of notebooks. The human race has always pushed for technological advances working at the most efficient level, perha...

134 reviews
Internet concepts

Antecedentes Intranets Probablemente se habr' encontrado m's de una vez con el t'rmino "intranet". Aunque una intranet comparte con Internet una gran cantidad de caracter'sticas, al menos en una de ellas, es b'sicamente diferente. De la misma manera que Internet est' teniendo un efecto profundo en la manera en que nos comunicamos,...

64 reviews
Air Pollution

Introduction Air pollution is nothing new. Ever since the discovery of fire, less-than-desirable substances have been vented into the air. One of the first air-pollution regulations dates back to the fourteenth century, when King Edward I banned the burning of sea coal in lime kilns. U.S. air-pollution regulations have their root...

110 reviews

Mars Climate Orbiter successfully blasted off a Kennedy Space Center launch pad for a 9-month journey to the Red Planet on Friday, December 11, 1998. The spacecraft will arrive in martian orbit in September 1999, where it will serve as a weather satellite for a full martian year (two full Earth years). The next Mars lander is scheduled for Janu...

84 reviews
California water pollution

California Water Pollution Water pollution is the major problem in our world today. The state of California also has many water problems of it's own. Many living things suffer from polluted water. Humans, animals, and other organisms depend on water to live. So what will happen if nothing is done to save our polluted water? Or if what...

189 reviews

The basic astrological assumptions are not hard to grasp. For if astronomy is the study of the movements of the heavenly bodies, then astrology is the study of the effects of those movements. The astronomers of the ancient world assumed a division of the universe whereby the superior, immutable bodies of the celestial worlds ruled...

152 reviews

Introduction is a science and a study of behavior and mental processes. Some parts of psychology that we use in everyday life and in extra curricular activities are perception, learning, memory, thinking, and language. There are many extra curricular activities that uses these concepts but for now I will focus on the sport of soccer. I ha...

207 reviews
History of Computers in America

Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work, live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all this and more now exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and one out of every two households. This incredible invention is...

184 reviews
Coral reefs 3

Coral reefs are one of the oldest types of living systems on earth, and certainly one of the most spectacular. They are massive underwater structures formed by the limestone skeletons of tiny invertebrate animals. Reefs house a greater diversity of body forms, chemistry, and animal phyla (thirty-two compared to the eight that inhabit the most b...

109 reviews
Fusion 2

Fusion reactions are inhibited by the electrical repulsive force that acts between two positively charged nuclei. For fusion to occur, the two nuclei must approach each other at high speed to overcome the electrical repulsion and attain a sufficiently small separation (less than one-trillionth of a centimeter) that the short-range strong nucle...

2 reviews
Humpback whales

GENERAL DESCRIPTION The humpback whale is a baleen whale and a rorqual whale that sings amazing songs. It performs complex and cooperative feeding techniques. The humpback has a bulky head with bumpy protuberances (tubercles), each with a bristle. Humpbacks are acrobats of the ocean, breaching and slapping the water. They live in pods and hav...

143 reviews
Acid rain 5

ABSTRACT This report involves a well description on acid rain as well as a focus on acid rain in eastern Canada. This report contains a very helpful basic background on acid rain as well as a questionnaire. It involves an annual report on the Federal-Provincial Agreements, sulphur dioxide emissions in the seven most eastern provinces, tr...

41 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą