- Discover essay samples

Colonial Exchange during the Age of Discovery

4.9 of 5.0 (108 reviews)

541 words

Colonial Exchange during the Age of Discovery Page 1
Colonial Exchange during the Age of Discovery Page 2
Colonial Exchange during the Age of Discovery Page 3
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Colonial Exchange during the Age of Discovery

The voyages of the Iberians marked history. The discovery of the new world meant the unification of two old worlds. These old worlds had different beliefs, attitudes, language, and values. The culture of these two worlds would never be the same.

The native peoples of America at the end of the fifteenth century ranged from the simplest hunting-fishing-gathering societies to highly developed civilizations with urban and peasant components. In spite of these notable differences, they were alike in that they had all developed from the level of pre-bow-arrow hunters without significant contact with other regions. There high civilizations were based on agricultural and trading economies, with craft specialization, large cities, monumental architechture, elaborate politico-religious organizations, and dense populations. Soft metal was worked, writing was being developed, and the idea of the wheel was present in toys.

Until the end of the fifteenth century, the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula were grouped in several politically autonomous units, resulting in significant cultural and social differences. These people shared the same basic cultural history through several millenia, during which time they were exposed to the basic innovations of Western Eurasia and North Africa. Phoenicians and Greeks brought civilization from the Eastern Mediterranean, and Neolithic farmers from Africa had been followed by Hallstat iron workers from Europe. Six centuries of Roman domination gave the peninsula a common language, unified political control, widespread urbanization, and other forms and values of Rome. Agriculture, medicine, mathematics, and other forms of science was brought in by the Graeco-Roman learning of antiquity during the Moorish invasion.

The first natives Columbus encountered were the Taino branch of the Arawak language on Guanahani. These people grew corn, yams, and other roots for food; they knew how to make cassava bread, to spin and weave cotton, and make pottery. Columbus wrote, ?They invite you to share anything that they posess, and show as much love as their hearts were in it?. The impression to the European scholars was that the ignorance to money and iron, and their nudity was due to the fact that these people were ?holdovers from the golden age?.

The Indians were organized into class societies (with few possible exceptions among the more rudementary societies) and the poor were ground under the heel of the rich. This system was sanctioned by the Indian laws and customs, and based on the inequalities of land ownership. The poor lived in miserable huts, did all the labour, and enjoyed none of the amenities of life, except indulgence in the forms of escape from misery and relief from oppression that characterized many other peoples in Europe and Asia.

The peoples inhabiting America in 1492 were divided into many hundreds of language groups. The following main groups may be distinguished:

1.The Nahua-speaking peoples from Central Mexico to Nicaragua.
2.The Maya: Yucatan and Guatemala.
3.The Chibchas: Central America, western Columbia, and northwestern Ecuador.
4.The Quechuas: the Andean mountains from southern Ecuador to northern Chile.
5.The Aymaras: Highlands of Bolivia.
6.The Araucanian-Patagonians: southern Chile and the plains of sounthern Argentina.


You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 541 words of 1082.

Keywords: which accurately describes the columbian exchange during the age of discovery, which accurately describes the columbian exchange during the age of discovery quizlet, early explorers age of discovery, what was before the age of discovery, what was discovered in the age of discovery

Similar essays

Oregon Trail

CROSSING THE Great Plains The was an overland emigrant route in the United States from the Missouri River to the Columbia River country, was the way to travel back in the 1840's through the 1860's. In 1843 the "Great Emigration" began and the west would never be the same after the out set of the travelers. The pioneers by wagon train did not,...

160 reviews
Crisis Economica 1929

* Introducci?n: El 24 de octubre de 1929 (jueves negro) se produjo la quiebra del mercado de valores de New York, que provoco un prolongado periodo de deflaci?n. La crisis se traslado r?pidamente al conjunto de la econom?a estadounidense y europea, como de otras a?reas del mundo. Una de sus consecuencias m?s inmediatas fue el colapso del sistema...

58 reviews
Puritans vs

. anti-puritans By: Paul City on a hill: A new nation is born The city on a hill idea was first taught by the puritans that came from Europe, that wanted America to be a shining example to all the world. It was to be a place built on new rules and new ideas. Overall, it was supposed to be a nation that rose above all the others so that it co...

163 reviews
Atomic Bomb 9

During wartime, horrible atrocities against all of humanity must be dealt with. Crimes against humanity, as never witnessed before, and hopefully to never be seen again, occurred during the course of World War II. America has always, and most likely will always place a high value on American lives. In order to protect these lives and to insur...

143 reviews

World History Period 4 By:Chris Murphy Fact Sheet Area: 18, 147 square miles Population: 1,660,000 Capital: Thimphu (pop. 20,000) Languages: Dzongkha (official) Gurung, Assamese Ethnic make-up: Bhote 60%, Napalese 25% Religion: Buddhist (state religion 75%) Hindu 25% Currency: Indian rupee Literac...

20 reviews
Human rights in kuwait

Human Rights: Yet another commodity for the new society or a necessity? As one stands on the doorsteps of a new millennium, one can only imagine the future ahead. With the globalization movement making its way around the world, issues such as human rights are coming up, and are becoming international issues of concern rather than local on...

24 reviews
Mlk And Malcol X

Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X had a common purpose for African Americans; justice and equality. Illustrated through their speeches, Martin Luther King Jr's 'I Have a Dream' and Malcolm X's 'Talk to Young African Americans', the two did not share techniques or ideas. Yet both men had the support of millions and millions of people. One...

130 reviews
Generation x

Generation X My main objective in writing this essay was to articulate my feelings on a topic which should matter to those of us who don't want to be percieved in such a general manner. At the same time I tried to draw comparisons to misunderstood generations of the past. I drew the analogy about algebra because it provides a strong b...

177 reviews
National Constituent Assembly

To what extent did the reforms of the Constituent Assembly create discontent? The solved some of Frances short term problems, but caused significant discontent due to its inability to resolve long term problems, that had been destroying France economically, politically and socially. There were some groups of society that were quite content...

163 reviews
History of the Black U.S. Soldier

Throughout American history, Afro-Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere. Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles African Americans have made a grand contribution and a great impact on our armed forces since the...

145 reviews
Enlightenment 2

Why is the Enlightenment a Significant Event? It was an intellectual movement in thinking, which moved society's thinking away from religious thinking, dominated by the Church, to rational thought dominated by science The Enlightenment (or 'Age of Reason') is a term used to describe the philosophical, scientific, and rational attitudes, the freedo...

128 reviews
Monopolies In A Capitalist Eco

In a capitalist economy there are both wanted and unwanted monopolies. However, in a capitalist economy certain monopolies are needed. Monopolies have a big impact on the economy and the consumers because of the amount of control that the monopolies have on the economy. There are certain times when it is best to have monopolies then others, it r...

55 reviews
Iraq Suicide Bombings

There have been multiple bombings going on in Iraq. And one just happened in Baghdad. There was a pickup truck with deadly explosives in it. And when the truck stopped it blew up and killed multiple people around it. It wounded many people around the bombing site. Then there was another suicide bombing but before the driver blew up the explosives t...

168 reviews
Camp david accord

The Camp David Accord By 1978 the thirty-year war that had been fought between Egypt and Israel had come to a point where there was a chance for peace. The area that had been at the center of the turmoil was the West Bank of the Jordan River and the Gaza Strip. The problem was that both countries believed that they had the rights to this la...

10 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą