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Causes Of The Civil War

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Causes Of The Civil War


South, which was known as the Confederate States of America, seceded from the

North, which was also known as the Union, for many different reasons. The

reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional

conflict between the two. Between the North and South there were deep economic,

social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an independent

nation. There were many reasons why the South wanted to succeed but the main

reason had to do with the North's view on slavery. All of this was basically

a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides.

In the end all of these disagreements on both sides led to the Civil War,

in which the North won.

There were a few reasons other then the slavery

issue, that the South disagreed on and that persuaded them to succeed from

the Union. Basically the North favored a loose interpretation of the United

States Constitution. They wanted to grant the federal government increased

powers. The South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the individual

states. The North also wanted internal improvements sponsored by the federal

government. This was more roads, railroads, and canals. The South, on the

other hand, did not want these projects to be done at all. Also the North wanted

to develop a tariff. With a high tariff, it protected the Northern manufacturer.

It was bad for the South because a high tariff would not let the south trade

its cotton for foreign goods.

The North also wanted a good banking and currency

system and federal subsidies for shipping and internal improvements. The South

felt these were discriminatory and that they favored Northern commercial interests.

Now the main reason for the South's secession was the Slavery issue. Basically

the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South

was going to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed

all others. At this time the labor force in the South had about 4 million

slaves. These slaves were very valuable to the slaveholding planter class.

They were a huge investment to Southerners and if taken away, could mean massive

losses to everyone. Slaves were used in the South as helpers in the fields

in the cultivation of tobacco, rice, and indigo, as well as many other jobs.

The South especially needed more slaves at this time because they were now

growing more cotton then ever because of the invention of the cotton gin.

Cotton production with slaves jumped from 178,000 bales in 1810 to over 3,841,000

bales in 1860. Within that time period of 50 years the number of slaves also

rose from about 1,190,000 to over 4,000,000. The plantation owners in the


could not understand why the North wanted slavery abolished that bad.

Southerners compared it with the wage-slave system of the North. They said

that the slaves were better cared for then the free factory workers in the

North. Southerners said that slaveowners provided shelter, food, care, and

regulation for a race unable to compete in the modern world without proper

training. Many Southern preachers proclaimed that slavery was sanctioned in

the Bible. But after the American Revolution slavery really died it the North,

just as it was becoming more popular in the South. By the time of 1804 seven

of the northern most states had abolished slavery. During this time a surge

of democratic reform swept the North and West. There were demands for political

equality and economic and social advances. The Northerners goals were free

public education, better salaries and working conditions for workers, rights

for women, and better treatment for criminals. The South felt these views

were not important. All of t

hese views eventually led to an attack on the

slavery system in the South, and showed opposition to its spread into whatever

new territories that were acquired. Northerners said that slavery revoked

the human right of being a free person. Now with all these views the North

set out on its quest for the complete abolition of slavery.

When new territories

became available in the West the South wanted to expand and use slavery in

the newly acquired territories. But the North opposed to this and wanted to

stop the extension of slavery into new territories. The North wanted to limit

the number of slave states in the Union. But many Southerners felt that a

government dominated by free states could endanger existing slaveholdings.

The South wanted to protect their states rights. The first evidence of the

North's actions came in 1819 when Missouri asked to be admitted to the Union

as a slave state. After months of discussion Congress passed the Missouri

Compromise of 1820. This compromise was legislative measures that regulated

the extension of slavery in the United States for three decades. Now the balance

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