- Discover essay samples

Capitalistic punishment

4.9 of 5.0 (125 reviews)

499 words

Capitalistic punishment Page 1
Capitalistic punishment Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Capitalistic punishment

Capitalistic Punishment

"An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" says the Old Testament of the Judeo-Christian Bible. Throughout history, different societies have incorporated this principle into their legal and cultural lives. In today's context in the United States, this traditional form of retributional theory has taken the form of state-sponsored capital punishment. The infamous "death penalty," legalized nationally in 1976 by Supreme Court decision, has resulted in the execution of over five hundred convicted (rightly and wrongly) murderers in the past quarter century. In the minds of advocates, the ultimate penalty has swiftly and justly incapacitated killers as well as effectively deterred future murderers. On the contrary, both common sense and empirical evidence reveal capital punishment to be inefficient, ineffective, and unjust; therefore, the death penalty should be abolished in the United States.

Most of those who espouse capital punishment laud it for its supposed deterrence effect; that is, its alleged ability to intimidate would-be criminals into abstaining from murder for fear of the fatal penalty. According to statistics, however, no such effect is apparent. "Since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, the number of executions and the size of death row have substantially increased. Yet during this same period of time, the FBI Uniform Crime Reports show virtually no change in the national murder rate" (). Moreover, some sociologists like Hugo Adam Bedau in his book The Death Penalty in America suggest that these very executions intended to deter crime, may, in fact, incite crime through a "brutalization" effect, whereby a cycle of violence and murder is only intensified by government-approved homicide. Common sense backs up this empirical evidence. First, one can classify homicides into two categories for practical purposes: pre-meditated and non-premeditated. Obviously, those who plan to murder either plan to get away with the crime or simply are not concerned with the consequences of their actions. Similarly, those who kill in a spontaneous fit of emotion or while under the influence of drugs or alcohol have not rationally considered the ramifications of their actions. In both instances, no matter how serious or intimidating the threat of punishment may be, the concept of deterrence is questionable at best.

Another questionable characteristic associated with the death penalty is the fallacy that it is the most efficient method of retribution. Surely, executing a convicted murderer would be the most cost-effective manner to incapacitate him or her. This might be true if the American justice system were structured differently, but according to studies "the death penalty is not now, nor has it ever been, a more economical alternative to life imprisonment" (Spangenberg 47). And furthermore, in The Death Penalty in America, Bedau cites research that shows states like Florida, New York, Kansas, Maryland, and North Carolina discovered that the implementation of capital punishment dramatically increased penal costs --mostly at the expense of taxpayers. The high price of the death penalty can be attributed to various factors: the lengthiness ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 499 words of 998.

Keywords: capitalist punishment, capitalism punishment, capitalist justice examples, what was a negative consequence of industrial capitalism, how does capital punishment affect society, would a classical thinker support capital punishment

Similar essays

Federal Govt

. vs. States By: Anonymous Federal Sovereignty vs. Rights of the States Continued'. Federal Sovereignty versus States Rights was not a new problem to the United States. First appearing during the writing of the Constitution and continuing through Hamilton's Bank and the Federalist Papers, this debate raged right into the 19th century, beginn...

149 reviews
Civil Rights

Movement: 1890-1900 1890: The state of Mississippi adopts poll taxes and literacy tests to discourage black voters. 1895: Booker T. Washington delivers his Atlanta Exposition speech, which accepts segregation of the races. 1896: The Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson the separate but equal treatment of the races is constitutional. 1900-1910...

197 reviews

is something that should have never happened, but unfortunatly it did. This project is about the history of slavery in America, and the terrible unfair reality that slaves had to deal with. When the Meso American, or the Middle American natives first encountered the Europeans, they were very familiar with slavery. Among the...

86 reviews
The invasion of poland 1939

The Invasion of Poland in 1939 The invasion of Poland took place on September 1,1939. This invasion marked a change in history for the whole world. It started World War II. There were many reasons for the start of the war, and one it started the world would never be the same. Cities and people were destroyed. Unimaginable things took pl...

55 reviews
Effects Of The Atomic Bomb

Nuclear / Particle Physics s on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Ever since the dawn of time man has found new ways of killing each other. The most destructive way of killing people known to man would have to be the atomic bomb. The reason why the atomic bomb is so destructive is that when it is detonated, it has more than one effect. The are so great that...

14 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą