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British colonialism

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British colonialism

Colony is a geographical unit outside the borders of a state, which is connected to the state financially and managerially. As Barbara Ward states in her book "5 Ideas That Change the World", when we study colonialism, we are looking at one of the most far-reaching and widespread activities of mankind. It seems to be a fact of human nature that when one group of people becomes more powerful than another group, its instinct is to take over the weaker neighbor. (Ward 79)

Colonies where created since the beginning of civilization. First the ancient Greeks and the Phoenicians created colonies all over the Mediterranean Sea. Those colonies where trading posts and they where made in order to make travelling and trading easier. Then the Romans built colonies all over Europe in order to control better their empire. Then the motives for building a colony changed. Colonialism as we know it today started in the 15th century after the great discoveries all over the world. The need for sugar, gold, and other materials, which where plenty in the New World, lead the Europeans ships to the new discoveries where they built colonies.

The British colonialism was the most complex colonialism because beside the trading motives there were other motives like religion and politics. By the end of the 18th century the British Empire included Australia, Canada, Guinea, part of India, Senegal, Gambia, Sierra Leone, and Malaysia. One hundred years later Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, and South Africa where added to the British Empire.

The British took advantage of their colonies and became one of the strongest nations in the world. However the British trafficked on the natives. The natives hated their oppressors but they didn't have the power for a revolution. As George Orwell states in his essay "Shooting an Elephant," no ...

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