- Discover essay samples


4.9 of 5.0 (202 reviews)

703 words

Biofeedback Page 1
Biofeedback Page 2
Biofeedback Page 3
Biofeedback Page 4
Biofeedback Page 5
Biofeedback Page 6
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

therapy is a treatment technique that enables people to
use signals emitted from their own body to monitor and improve their
health. It is the "use of instrumentation to mirror psychophysiological
processes of which the individual is not normally aware and which may be
brought under voluntary control ( pamphlet)." These processes
include heart rate, respiration, skin temperature, electrodermal response,
muscle tension and other bodily functions that are usually controlled
involuntarily. "Bio" means "life" and the word "feed back" means the return
of data to its origin. So, biofeedback is "biological information with is
returned to the source that created it so that source can understand and
have control over it (O'Hair, D.)." The principles of biofeedback date
back more than a half a century. "Biofeedback" is a term that was coined
in the late 1960's. The theories involved in biofeedback and
psychophysiology began with the study on homeostatic mechanisms. The human
organism insures its survival through the maintenance of homeostasis. In
order to control or altar behavior, a person must have information that is
available through the senses.

In biofeedback, the client obtains information about his
biological state from feedback from the sensors. Margolin and Kubic (1944)
conducted an early example of this kind of feedback. They used a subject's
amplified respiration and heart beat to induce a hypnotic induction. Even
though the subjects were not told to adjust these physiological functions,
the feedback of their biological system was used to alter their conscious
and emotional state (O'Hair). The principles of operant conditioning have
often been used by people to explain biofeedback. In operant conditioning,
any activity that approximates the desired behavior or response is
reinforced or rewarded. By using these types of conditioning, feedback is
received. In 1969, Neal Miller demonstrated that animals could learn to
change levels of their autonomic functions on the basis of contingent
reinforcement. Miller gave rats feedback on its behavior when the were
rewarded for moving in the desired physiological direction. They were able
to increase the temperature in their ears, which showed that they could
alter their peripheral vascular system.

Biofeedback has developed considerably within the years. In the
early part of the 1960's first attempts were made at applying biofeedback
for managing stress. The majority of health care professionals did not
accept biofeedback. The public felt that biofeedback was an experimental
procedure used by researchers only. Therefore, it stayed on the outside of
conventional psychology and medicine. In 1968, the Biofeedback Society of
America was assembled by a group of professionals who believed that
biofeedback could make a substantial addition to behavioral medicine. With
their persistence they were able to organize their efforts and initiated to
research further new methods of biofeedback training. Within the last 10
years in the United States, the use of biofeedback has become a
commonplace in many practices of psychology. Along with the uses of
relaxation techniques, such as autogenic therapy, "biofeedback has now
become universally acclaimed as an important method to learning how to
achieve a state of deep relaxation (O'Hair). Today clinical biofeedback
techniques are used to treat an assortment of conditions (Runck, 1983).
Some include: Stress and anxiety Digestive system disorders, Tension
headaches, migraine headaches, and other types of pain, Raynaud's disease
( a circulatory disorder which causes uncomfortably cold hands), High and
low blood pressure, paralysis and other movement disorders, epilepsy,
Cardiac arrhythmia (abnormalities in the rhythm of the heartbeat).
Biofeedback training is provided by a variety of specialists ranging from
psychologists to psychiatrist to physical therapists, internists, nurses
and even dentists. Many use other techniques in accordance with biofeedback.
Clients are commonly taught different types of relaxation techniques such
as, imagery, autogenics, breathing and passive progressive relaxation.
They may be taught how to elude or face stressful events through
recognizing situations that may provoke their symptoms.

The goal of biofeedback training is voluntary self-regulation which
is ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 703 words of 1406.

Keywords: biofeedback terapija, biofeedback therapy, biofeedback psychology definition, biofeedback therapy near me, biofeedback meaning, biofeedback device, biofeedback techniques, biofeedback technician

Similar essays


has been one of this country's most controversial topic on hand. But if one sees the constitutional infringement to women by the restriction of , the torment to the unwanted child and the anguish society has to sustain,then this topic would not be so debatable. Too many people do not see the cause and effect of not being able to have abortions....

201 reviews

"MOM!! I think I have a new freckle!!"screamed Liz." I think I have skin cancer!" Liz is suffering from a mental disorder called . With this type of disease people become obssessed about sickness and their health. These people convince themselves that they have an illness, even when doctors prove otherwise. Sometimes they might turn symptoms of a c...

130 reviews
Beta Carotene

Beta-carotene is a member of the carotenoid family and has over 500 relatives. Carotenoids are yellow-to-red pigments found in all green plant tissues and in some species of algae. So far 21 different carotenoids have been found in human blood. The most abundant ones are alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthi...

63 reviews
Health Is Wealth

Different therapist / medical centers claim for the treatment of Leucoderma / Vitiligo / white patches of the body. But, no-where the root cause of the disease is mentioned. During I started research in this respect; I became a victim of the above disease. I consulted around five therapists in Allopathic & Homeopatic, also experimented the use of s...

147 reviews

The parents of six year old James Patrick Smith receive a phone call from the school guidance counselor informing them of their child's recent hyperactive behavior. After a short conference, the guidance counselor suggests to the parents a solution for young James' problem; as a result, the family visits their family doctor and the doctor diagnoses...

182 reviews
Euthanasia: Precious Life

My impression is that the idea of euthanasia, if not the practice, is gradually gaining acceptance within our society. People like Jack Kevorkian attribute this to an increasing inclination to devalue human life, but I do not believe that this is the major factor. The acceptance of euthanasia is much more likely to be the result of unthinking sym...

62 reviews
Teenage Years

People who are nostalgic about childhood, were obviously never children. Few people can remember the truth about adolescence. Their minds "censor" their memories; and have them believe that being a teenager was was one big party, free of cares and responsibilities. Well let me say this, you couldn' t be more wrong if you had a lobotomy. There aren'...

75 reviews
Poor Habits And Their Effect On People's Self-Esteem And Self-Worth

Is there anything wrong with habit forming? Look at what most of people do with their wrong habits. Everyone has to work harder everyday in order to survive. People do not have sufficient time to do recreational activities such as hiking, cycling, and so forth. Also, people do not have opportunities to spend time with their friends, families, and r...

123 reviews
The Black Plague

was one of the worst and deadliest diseases known to man in the history of the world. The Plague originated in Italy and quickly spread throughout Europe killing more than one hundred thirty seven million people. Early treatments for the Plague were often bizarre but eventually came in a vaccine and through isolation. The symptoms of were swell...

69 reviews
Conquering The Smoking Habit

Most smokers sincerely want to quit. They know cigarettes threaten their health, set a bad example for their children, annoy their acquaintances and cost an inordinate amount of money. Nobody can force a smoker to quit. It's something each person has to decide for himself, and will require a personal commitment by the smoker. What kind of smoker...

103 reviews
Abortion: The Woman's Right

Birth is a miracle or so it feels to the willing parents. A tiny infant emerging from the mother's womb, a piece of you, embodying all your hopes and dreams, but what about the unwilling parents? What about the female who has found herself with an unwanted pregnancy? Her options are few motherhood, adoption or abortion. Abortion remains a controver...

98 reviews
Be Healthy And Drug Free

To means much more than it sounds. It means turning down peer pressure, not using drugs, and not feeling the need to use drugs. Many people have died from drug overdose; including Roger Clinton, Bill Clinton's brother. There are many different types of drugs. Some drugs are good for you and some could kill people. Some good drugs are anesthe...

211 reviews
Stress And How To Manage It

Everyone has stress, and we all have different stressors. Each person has their own way of coping with stress. some ignore their problems while others face them head on. There are four types of stressors and we all experience them at some point in our lives. One of these stressors is hassles. Hassles are a part of everyday life, but if they are...

194 reviews

may be many things, but they are not lonely. A Gallup poll conducted in 1985 for American Health magazine found that nearly nine million Americans call themselves . In addition, another 40 million adults are eating less meat and more plant foods than in the past. Similarly, a recent consumer study carried out by the National Restaurant Association...

181 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą