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Australian History - Populate

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On the forming of the Federation of Australia, on 1 January 1901, one of the first priorities of the new Federal Government was to increase Australia's population. One way was to encourage an increase in the birth rate, which had been falling. A second way was to encourage immigration, not only from Great Britain, but also from other European countries. The main requirement was that immigrants be white skinned. Although this policy became known as the White Australia Policy, the regulations did not actually prohibit people with coloured skin. The prohibition was achieved through regulations requiring each immigrant to pass a dictation test to be given in any European language. If the immigration officials did not want to allow a person to enter the country, they could choose a language that would make it impossible to pass the test.
Although this policy was extremely biased and racist, racial purity was an exceptionally strong feeling in Australia up to the early 1960's. Immigration continued up to the Great War, with substantial English and Irish immigrants settling into Australia. Immigration stopped during the Great War, but resumed afterwards. Totally new schemes were implemented to attract immigrants. The war had taught Australia that it needed to be less dependent on Britain, and that it needed to speed up its economic development. To do this more people were needed. In the 1920s the Empire Settlement Act was introduced, in order to encourage British people to emigrate to Australia and boost the dwindling population.
Immigration has been the major contributor to Australia's population growth since the end of World War 2. At the same time as Australia wanted to increase its population, there were large numbers of people in Europe who wanted to start a new life in a new country. These included the people whose home, jobs or businesses had been destroyed by the war. Along with that, 170 000 migrants were brought to Australia between 1947-1951 by the International Refugee Organisation. One of the immediate effects of post-war immigration was to increase the size of the workforce by approximately 200 000.
The importance of migrant labour ...

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Keywords: history of australia, australia historical, australian historia, population australia history, australian population history graph

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