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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Working in a preschool, I often see children with ?problems?. Children often run around the room, not listening to their teacher's pleas for them to sit still and listen to directions. A lot of times, these problems can be traced back to the parents. Poor parenting skills have been the blame of several ?problem children? over the years. One child at the preschool, Madison, is one of these ?problem children?. I often hear her teacher having to repeat her name over and over until she finally gains her attention. Madison is four years old and is very obstinate when it comes to doing what she is supposed to. One evening a few weeks ago, her teacher came up to me and stated that she needed to be punished not just at the school, but when she got home as well. She automatically assumed that Madison's behavior was a reflection on her parents. Last week, Madison's mother came in and informed our director that she took Madison to the doctor and that she was diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and was to take Ritalin everyday. This intrigued me. Was Madison's problem truly a medical defect? Or was it merely just bad parenting. I decided to look in on this subject further.
The first aspect that I looked at was the history of it. Several years ago, as was mentioned above, these children were merely known as ?bad? children. They seem to get into everything and are never happy. Such medical terms as, ?minimal brain dysfunction,? ?brain-injured child syndrome,? ?hyperkinetic reaction of childhood,? ?hyperactive child syndrome? and, most recently, ?attention-deficit disorder? have progressed and evolved throughout the years. It was once believed that an ?iron fist? in the home, and stern punishment would fix the problem child, however, if it truly is a medical problem?Khow can that solve it?
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service states that ADHD cannot be linked directly back to home-life. Not all dysfunctional and abusive homes produce children with ADHD, and not all children with ADHD come from dysfunctional and abusive homes. However, there is some proof that it is linked to genetics. Children who have ADHD usually have at least one close relative who also has ADHD. And at least one-third of all fathers who had ADHD in their youth bear children who have ADHD. Even more proof that ADHD is linked to genetics is the fact that the majority of identical twins also bare the trait.
Unlike many disorders, there is no clear physical characteristic that defines and shows ADHD. It is comprised of a several different symptoms. The three most common behavioral problems that define ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These three symptoms are what attract doctors to assume that a child may have this problem.
The first symptom, inattention, can be defined as simply not being able to pay attention at all. While children usually do have shorter attention spans than adults do, a child with ADHD practically has no attention span. Even when they are doing something, they are not paying attention to what it is that they are doing. They seem to fidget when given something to do and may give effortless, automatic attention to activities and things they enjoy. But focusing deliberate, conscious attention to organizing and completing a task or learning something new is difficult.
The second symptom is hyperactivity. It is defined as someone who is incapable of sitting still. They may dash around or talk incessantly. Sitting still through a lesson can be an impossible task. Hyperactive children squirm in their seat or roam around the room. Or they might wiggle their feet, touch everything, or noisily tap their pencil. Hyperactive teens and adults may feel intensely restless. They may be fidgety or, they may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity to the next.
The third and final common symptom among people, who have ADHD, impulsivity is defined as people who are overly impulsive seem unable to curb their immediate reactions or think before they act. As a result, they may blurt out inappropriate comments, or they may run into the street without looking. Their impulsivity may make it hard for them to ...

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