- Discover essay samples


4.9 of 5.0 (83 reviews)

425 words

Archaeology Page 1
Archaeology Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.



There is a saying that goes: One must first have an understanding of the past in order to proceed into the future. An archaeologist's job, therefore, is very important because they have the crucial role of interpreting the past through archaeological finds. How does an archaeologist go about doing this? How does he interpret his findings? How are the artifacts that he finds related to the behaviors of past humans?

Concepts such as patterning and middle range theory are the main tools used for this interpretation of the past. Patterning is the regular relationship between material objects and space, and middle range theory is how the visible archaeological data can be related to past human behaviors or actions.

Patterning is used to interpret past human behavior because the products of human action usually suggest repetitiveness or a pattern of activity that can be discerned by the archaeologist. For example in the Olsen-Chubbuck site in Colorado, a bison graveyard was discovered of 190 bison. The pattern or relationship between the bones and how they were found gives the archaeologist clues as to how the bison were butchered. Some bones were found with spear points in the bodies, some whole skeletons were found closer to the bottom, and some bones were scattered all over. It can be inferred from the patterning of the bison bones that they were butchered differently.

Middle range theory also plays a part in the Olsen-Chubbuck site. From the visible remains of the bison, we can estimate from the skeletal remains of the bison that the total meat was 60,000 pounds and the total amount of people capable of butchering the bison would be 150, thereby relating the artifacts to past human behavior.

Archaeologists also study patterning in time and space; time, being vertical and space being horizontal. The time of the butchering in the Olsen-Chubbuck site was calculated from the age and sex composition of the bones and dated to be early in the summer, from the end of May, to early in June. Since the patterning of the bones were all found in one space, archaeologists could then ascertain that the butchering occurred all at once.

The example of Herculaneum, Pompeii's sister site, is an ideal one for an archaeologist because they have a 'frozen moment in time' with which to observe human action in a given space. Herculaneum experienced a pyroclastic surge from Mount Vesuvius thus freezing everyday life in a split second. The patterning of ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 425 words of 850.

Keywords: archaeology training rs3, archaeology meaning, archaeology news, archaeology definition, archaeology meaning in hindi, archaeology jobs, archaeology magazine, archaeology is the study of

Similar essays

Humpback whales

GENERAL DESCRIPTION The humpback whale is a baleen whale and a rorqual whale that sings amazing songs. It performs complex and cooperative feeding techniques. The humpback has a bulky head with bumpy protuberances (tubercles), each with a bristle. Humpbacks are acrobats of the ocean, breaching and slapping the water. They live in pods and hav...

143 reviews
Greenhouse effects speech

The Greenhouse Effect Earth is the only planet that we know of that has the right conditions to support life. Because of it?s perfect distance from the sun, Earth has an average temperature of 60'F, making it an ideal place for many types of life to thrive in. However, the temperature would not be so ideal if we did not have an atmospher...

79 reviews
Global warming 4

Global Warming Human kind has entered a brand new relationship with the earth. The constant and increasing pressures we are exerting threaten our planets ability to sustain life itself. Change-in the way we think , and in the way we live-is needed now.Global warming is the most urgent environmental problem the world will face in the next...

37 reviews

1. Would you illuminate your house plants with a green light bulb? Why or why not? It would not be a wise choice to put a plant under a green light bulb. The reason for this is that due to the fact that the leaves are green they reflect green light. This shining green light onto the flowers will cause photosynthesis to stop. Since the li...

9 reviews
Cardiovascular conditioning

Conditioning Assignment: Cardiovascular Conditioning can be defined as the efficient transport and utilization of necessary oxygen and nutrients to the tissues of the body. The cardiovascular system needs to be well conditioned to enable the body to deliver adequate oxygenated blood and nutrients to the working muscles, in addition to im...

134 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą