- Discover essay samples

Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code

4.9 of 5.0 (101 reviews)

692 words

Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code Page 1
Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code Page 2
Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code Page 3
Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code Page 4
Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code Page 5
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of
independent life. When the expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus
becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months
of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth.

The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of
birth control. Later it was restricted or forbidden by most world religions, but
it was not considered an offense in secular law until the 19th century. During
that century, first the English Parliament and then American state legislatures
prohibited induced abortion to protect women from surgical procedures that were
at the time unsafe, commonly stipulating a threat to the woman's life as the
sole ('therapeutic') exception to the prohibition. Occasionally the exception
was enlarged to include danger to the mother's health as well.

Legislative action in the 20th century has been aimed at permitting the
termination of unwanted pregnancies for medical, social, or private reasons.
Abortions at the woman's request were first allowed by the Soviet Union in 1920,
followed by Japan and several East European nations after World War II. In the
late 1960s liberalized abortion regulations became widespread. The impetus for
the change was threefold: (1) infanticide and the high maternal death rate
associated with illegal abortions, (2) a rapidly expanding world population, (3)
the growing feminist movement. By 1980, countries where abortions were permitted
only to save a woman's life contained about 20 percent of the world's population.
Countries with moderately restrictive laws'abortions permitted to protect a
woman's health, to end pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, to avoid
genetic or congenital defects, or in response to social problems such as
unmarried status or inadequate income'contained some 40 percent of the world's
population. Abortions at the woman's request, usually with limits based on
physical conditions such as duration of pregnancy, were allowed in countries
with nearly 40 percent of the world's population.1

Under the Criminal Code. R.S.C. !970, c.C-34, abortion constitutes a
criminal offense. Section 159(2)(c) makes it an offense to offer or have for
sale or disposal, to publish or advertise means, instructions or medicine
intended or represented to cause abortion or miscarriage. Section 221(1) makes
the act of causing death to a child who has not become a human being, in the act
of birth, equivalent to murder. Abortion constitutes an indictable offense
under s. 251 of the Code whenever a person uses any means to carry out the
intent to procure a miscarriage of female person, whether she is pregnant or not.
Section 251(2) makes any female attempting to procure a miscarriage by any means
guilty of an indictable offense. Section 251(4) allows permission for a
therapeutic abortion to be obtained from a competent committee, fulfilling
strict regulations, with the operation performed by a qualified physician.
However, the common-law defense of necessity is theoretically available for a
surgical operation performed for the patient's benefit. 2

Until 1988, under the Canadian Criminal Code, an attempt to induce an
abortion by any means was a crime. The maximum penalty was life imprisonment ,
or two years if the woman herself was convicted. The law was liberalized in
1969 with an amendment to the Criminal Code allowing that abortions are legal
if performed by a doctor in an accredited hospital after a committee certified
that the continuation of the pregnancy would likely endanger the mother's life
or heath. In 1989, 70 779 abortions were reported in Canada, or 18.0 abortions
per 100 live births. 3

Henry Morgentaler is a major abortion supporter. Dr. Morgentaler was
one of the first Canadian doctors to perform vasectomies, insert IUDs and
provide contraceptive pills to the unmarried. As president of the Montreal
Humanist Fellowship he urged the Commons Health and Welfare Committee in 1967 to
repeal the law against abortion. To draw attention to the safety and efficacy
of clinical abortions, Morgentaler in 1973 publicized the fact that he ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 692 words of 1383.

Similar essays

Abortion And Euthanasia: A Significant Difference

In the desire to uphold the sanctity and quality of life, and the dignity of each individual, it is important to respect and regard each person's own moral values and inclinations. Both abortion and euthanasia are issues of high significance as well as controversy, and it is quite apparent that people will view both issues within their own context...

61 reviews
20 Known Facts About The Human Body

20 Little Known Facts About The Human Body 1.A human being loses an average of 40 to 100 strands of hair a day. 2.A cough releases an explosive charge of air that moves at speeds up to 60 mph. 3.Every time you lick a stamp, you're consuming 1/10 of a calorie. 4.A fetus acquires fingerprints at the age of three months. 5.A sneeze can exceed...

49 reviews
Epidemiology Of Varsity Sports

Varsity sports is in many schools as important as academics, especially in the United States. These schools rely a great deal on the success of their teams for financial stability and enrollment interest. The athletes as well take their sport very seriously, if only for the sake of their pride. It therefore follows that each team strives to be t...

135 reviews

is the name applied to a specific method of investigating unconscious mental processes and a form of psychotherapy. The term also refers to the systematic structure of psychoanalytic theory, which is based on the relation of conscious and unconscious psychological processes. The technique of and much of the psychoanalytic theory are based on its...

203 reviews

What is ? Who gets ? is a viral disease of humans and other mammals. It is most common in carnivores. The word comes from the word "hydrophobia", fear of water. is a potentially deadly disease. There are many things you can do to prevent yourself from meeting rabies. The most important thing to do, is to be certain your pets have updated...

57 reviews
Marfans Syndrome

Marfan syndrome is a rare hereditary disorder of connective tissue, which causes connective tissue to be weaker than normal. Connective tissue is the most abundant tissue in the body. It supports and protects various other tissues, is a vital component of all organs in the body, and provides strength and elasticity to blood vessels. Therefore, a di...

200 reviews
Definition Of The Oedipus Complex

The positive libidinal feelings of a child to the parent of the opposite sex and hostile or jealous feelings toward the parent of the same sex that may be a source of adult personality disorder when unresolved. It is a pattern of profound emotional ambivalence, a troublesome mixture of love and hate. The Oedipus Complex occurs during the phallic...

191 reviews
EMDR Eye Movement

Throughout phases 4 through 6 of EMDR clients concentrate on their disturbing or desired occurrences at the same time as they attend to a dual attention stimulus. Eye movements dual attention stimulus are the most commonly used, but tapping, tactile stimulation, and auditory tones are used as well. These are generally offered in an alternating bila...

169 reviews
Home Health Care Nursing

Dating way back in history, almost all health care was done at home. In the early, 19th century, the doctor made house calls with everything he needed in his black bag. Other than the doctor's occasional visits, usually female family members cared for the patient. In the early 20th century, not only did the nation grow in technology, but the medi...

108 reviews
Treatments Of Alcoholism

Alcoholism can destroy the life of an alcoholic and devastate the alcoholic's family. But it also has overwhelming consequences for society. Consider these statistics from the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence: *In 1988, alcoholism and problems related to it cost the United States an estimated $85.8 billion in mortality and redu...

5 reviews
AIDS - What's New ?

? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory test...

143 reviews

The so-called meditation movement has become remarkably popular. There are any number of courses offered in meditation, and millions of people over the world are taking them, with Jews of all ages liberally numbered among its adherents. Eretz Yisrael is not exempt, and it too has many flourishing meditation groups. Benefits of The beginning of "...

25 reviews

America has become a society obsessed with appearance, especially weight. We are conditioned at a young age to believe the only way to be normal is to be thin. This norm is projected to millions of Americans each day through television, magazines, billboards and every other form of media and advertising. How are people to know acceptance and happi...

152 reviews
Cari's Story

Mucous membranes of the nose, parasinal sinuses, pharynx and middle ear are all connected in the throat. A cough reflex is a long drawn and deep inhalation followed by a complete closure of the glottis which results in a strong exhalation that suddenly pushes the glottis open and sends a blast of air through the upper respiratory passages. This...

181 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą