Abortion - Right To Choose
Abortion - Right To Choose
Many people believe abortion is a moral issue, but it is also
a constitutional issue. It is a woman's right to choose what she does
with her body, and it should not be altered or influenced by anyone
else. This right is guaranteed by the ninth amendment, which contains
the right to privacy. The ninth amendment states: "The enumeration in
the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or
disparage others retained by the people." This right guarantees the
right to women, if they so choose, to have an abortion, up to the end
of the first trimester. Regardless of the fact of morals, a woman has
the right to privacy and choice to abort her fetus. The people that
hold a "pro-life" view argue that a woman who has an abortion is
killing a child. The "pro-choice" perspective holds this is not the
case. A fetus is not yet a baby. It does not posess the criteria
derived from our understanding of living human beings. In a notable
defense of this position, philosopher Mary Anne Warren has proposed
the following criteria for "person-hood": 1) consciousness (of objects
and events external and or internal to the being), and in particular
the capacity to feel pain. 2) reasoning (the developed capacity to
solve new and relatively complex problems) 3) self-motivated activity
(activity which is relatively independent of either genetic or direct
external control) 4) the capacity to communicate, by whatever means,
messages of an indefinite variety of possible contents, but on
indefinltely many possible topics. 5) the presence of self-concepts,
and self-awareness, either individual or social, or both. (Taking
Sides -Volume 3). Several cases have been fought for the right to
choose. Many of these have been hard cases with very personal
feelings, but the perserverance showed through and gives us the rights
we have today. Here are some important cases: 1965 - Griswold v.
Connecticut - upheld the right to privacy and ended the ban on birth
control. Eight years later, the Supreme Court ruled the right to
privacy included abortions. Roe v. Wade was based upon this case. 1973
- Roe v. Wade: - The state of Texas had outlawed abortions. The
Supreme Court declared the law unconstitutional, but refused to order
an injunction against the state. On January 22, 1973, the Supreme
Court voted the right to privacy included abortions. In 1976, Planned
Parenthood v. Danforth (Missouri) ruled that requiring consent by the
husband and the consent from a parent if a ...
Description: The title pretty much says it all in this one. This paper addresses the issue of blacks in prison and explores the socio-economic causes and solutions. This paper uses many overmentally commissioned reports. Blacks, Prison, and Institutional Racism Introduction Criminal justice and security is one of the largest indus...
By: S.Sin Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in England, human society has had to struggle to adapt to new technology. There is a shift from traditional society to a modern one. Within the last ten years we have seen tremendous advances in science and technology, and we are becoming more and more socially dependent on it. In...
? By: charles Saving the Animals? In Buffalo New York on October 23rd of last year, Dr. Barnett Slepian was murdered. He wasn't killed because of his financial status or because of a dispute he had with a patient. Someone who never really knew Dr. Slepian, someone who never met his family, a person who didn't agree with Dr. Slepian's job, to...
By: Anonymous : A Plague on Society Gamblers no longer need to trek to Las Vegas or Atlantic City to find the action they so badly crave. It is available today in their own hometowns. Legalized gambling is one of the fastest growing industries in the United States. Gambling's tremendous popularity is evident in the recent increase in the...
By: Damn E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org - A judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and the parties to a pending lawsuit or criminal prosecution from talking to the media or the public about the case. The supposed intent is to prevent prejudice due to pre-trial publicity which would influence potential jurors. A gag order has the secondary...