- Discover essay samples

A Statistical View Of European Rural Life, 1600-1800

4.9 of 5.0 (28 reviews)

648 words

A Statistical View Of European Rural Life, 1600-1800 Page 1
A Statistical View Of European Rural Life, 1600-1800 Page 2
A Statistical View Of European Rural Life, 1600-1800 Page 3
A Statistical View Of European Rural Life, 1600-1800 Page 4
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the average European's
diets varied greatly due to natural causes. Most peasants lived in
unsanitary conditions, far away from conventional medical help, and would
live in a single room with a large family. Most farmers were illiterate
especially in Southern Europe and their farming technology was not updated.
Protestant Northern Europe had higher literacy rates because Protestantism
encouraged individual bible reading, while catholic Southern Europe was
highly illiterate because the Catholic Church did not encourage literacy in
the least bit. The spread of education led to new ideas and farming
techniques which developed from the cities and spread to rural areas of
In different areas of Europe, the yield ratios of wheat, rye,
and barley would vary; the climate would be a big factor in determining the
yield ratio. According to Document 1, Zone I, England, and the Low
Countries would have the high yield ratios. In Zone II, France, Spain,
and Italy were not far behind England in yield ratios. In Zone III and IV,
Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Russia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and
Hungary the yield ratios were very low, and from 1800-1820, they did not
produce wheat, rye, or barley at all. Countries like England and the
Netherlands had predictable weather patterns and were able to grow an
abundance of crops. The farther East a country was, the lower its yield
would be due to poor and unpredictable weather. The average European
peasant's diet was poor and not sufficient to human needs. Most diets
included bread, cheese, and butter. Meat and vegetables were rare and
eaten possibly twice a year. Most peasants were always on the verge of
starvation and ate anything edible to survive. The average person's
requirements are about 2,500 calories to function normally. Few people
even met the standards; most peasants were malnourished, since they did not
meet all of the food group requirements needed for a healthy person.
In France, food harvests were affected by variances in glacial
movements, which caused changes in temperatures, thus affecting the harvest
period. According to Document 3, during the maximum glacier movement, the
temperature was at its lowest, yet had the shortest time of harvest along
with a raise in prices. Right after the glacial maximum, the summer
temperature would rise, thus lengthening the harvest period, lowering the
price of grapes and wheat. For example, by corresponding chart 1 and 3 of
document 3, in 1712, wheat prices went sky high due to lower average summer
temperatures causing fewer amounts of days to harvest. According to
Document 4, The salary of the typical agricultural worker would remain
fairly static. The big problem was that food prices kept rising, and soon
the worker did not make enough money to buy food. There was much uprising
in regards to the sky high food prices, resulting in the French Revolution.
In Southern France, according to Document 5, the Plague killed
more than half of the population in some areas. At this time, the prices of
wheat were quite low, as were the temperatures. This means that there were
fewer people because of the plague, and with supply and demand pressures
off, it caused less competition for food. According to Document 5,
epidemics in Southern France in some places killed up to sixty-four percent
of the population, leaving devastating effects. Document 6 states that
in Europe from 1740-1742, the average annual number of deaths was up to 117,
while births were only at 100. The average rate of births could not
neutralize the deaths and caused the population to decrease. Marriages
were even less frequent then births, which was also a factor in the

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 648 words of 1295.

Similar essays

Close Company, Stories Of Moth

Women during the time that A Visit from the Footbinder was written were willing to accept pain to fulfill society's concept of beauty and to keep their position in society. Women's role in this society was one in which they lacked any sense of power and they were therefore fully dependent on men. Hence, they were willing to suffer through the exc...

115 reviews
Early 1900s in N. America

Life in the 1900's was depressing and was an era filled with extremely hard and strenous work that didn't offer any future for the average canadian in doing better. If you were an average wage earner you would be virtually stuck in the same job for the rest of your life, while rich maintained their wealth mainly caused by the low taxe...

44 reviews
Langston hughes and the harlem

The Harlem Renaissance brought about many great changes. It was a time for expressing the African-American culture. Many famous people began their writing or gained their recognition during this time. The Harlem Renaissance took place during the 1920's and 1930's. Many things came about during the Harlem Renaissance; things such as jazz and...

60 reviews
Anti-Vietnam Movement in the U.S.

The antiwar movement against Vietnam in the US from 1965-1971 was the most significant movement of its kind in the nation's history. The United States first became directly involved in Vietnam in 1950 when President Harry Truman started to underwrite the costs of France's war against the Viet Minh. Later, the presidencies of Dwigh...

99 reviews
Fdr Vs. Hoover

President Franklin D. Roosevelt is commonly thought of as a liberal and President Herbert C. Hoover as a conservative. The validity of these accusations, however, is uncertain. Before classifying each president in the categories of "liberal" and "conservative," it must first be understood what is meant by each term. During the time of the Great Dep...

50 reviews
From stalinism to leninism

From Leninism to Stalinism: A Logical Progression? The question of whether or not Stalinism was a logical continuation of Leninism is a difficult one. Stalinism did take significantly more drastic measures than Leninism did. There were differences in policy. But in spite of these, Stalinism still found its basis in Leninism. Even...

74 reviews
A Remarkable Woman Of The Earl

Margaret Ann Martin was born in Greenfield, Nelson County, Virginia on January 20th, 1834. Her parents were Hudson Martin and Nancy Thorpe. Hudson Marton was born in Virginia in 1765. At the close of the Revolutionary War, Giddeon Martin, his after moved to Kentucky. Giddeon Martin had fought for seven years in the Revolution under Gene...

142 reviews
Civil War

Writing about recorded history should be a relatively easy task to accomplish. Recorded history is based on facts. Regardless of what time period one may write about, one will find enough information about that time of period. The key is to put everything in a logical and understandable manner. This paper will be about the . I will try, to the best...

188 reviews
Impact of eliminating the elec

The Impact of Eliminating the Electoral College The Electoral College is a very large part of determining which candidate for presidency will become the next Chief Executive of the United States of America. Often times, it is the only important factor in this decision, with the popular vote accounting for considerably less. The Electora...

40 reviews
Contrasting Views

Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois agreed and disagreed on many specific issues. However, the differences between these two men actually enhanced the status of Black Americans in the struggle for racial equality. DuBois always practiced what he preached. His speeches influenced many, and always used the pen as his mightiest weapon. He used it...

151 reviews
The Colombian Exchange

The Colombian exchange took place of the Americas. The Old World consisted of the of the Eastern Hemisphere and forth between the two regions and growth was rapid and impactful. During the late fifteenth century, the Colombian exchange began to shape the world in the America and Europe. These into ages of great growth and prosperity that still is f...

112 reviews
The Roots Of Communist China

To say that the Chinese Communist revolution is a non-Western revolution is more than a clich'. That revolution has been primarily directed, not like the French Revolution but against alien Western influences that approached the level of domination and drastically altered China's traditional relationship with the world. Hence the Chinese...

16 reviews
Kurds a people without a sta

Kurds - a people without a sta Kurds - A People Without a State Introduction Of all the ethnic groups in the world, the Kurds are one of the largest that has no state to call their own. According to historian William Westermann, "The Kurds can present a better claim to race purity...than any people which now inhabits...

182 reviews

, in full, is The People's Republic of . It is the republic of southern Asia, in the northeastern portion of the Indian subcontinent, bordered on the west, north, and east by India, on the southeast by Burma, and on the south by the Bay of Bengal. The area of the country is 55,598 square miles. The capital and largest city of is Dhaka....

10 reviews
Atsisiųsti šį darbą