AskEssays.com - Discover essay samples

5 Major Psychology Theoretical

4.9 of 5.0 (131 reviews)

Contains
535 words
Category
Other

5 Major Psychology Theoretical Page 1
5 Major Psychology Theoretical Page 2
The above thumbnails are of reduced quality. To view the work in full quality, click download.

The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions. Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. Some perspectives are widely accepted while others struggle for acceptance.
"The premise behind the biological perspective in psychology is that all actions, feelings, and thoughts are associated with bodily events." Biological psychologists examine how all of the electrical impulses, hormones, and chemicals flowing through the body can effect behavior and how changes to these bodily functions can change behavior. They are concerned with how the aspects of biology effect peoples' emotions, learning abilities, and their perception of events.
One of the major theories of biological psychology is that "We cannot know ourselves if we do not know our bodies." Through application of this theory, biological psychologists strive to understand the relationship between the mind and body and they influence sickness or health. It is believed that poor health can lead to negative attitudes while poor attitudes can lead to poor health. Biological psychologists research and study the correlation of this theory in an attempt to help solve some mental and emotional problems.
Learning Perspective
The writings and findings of Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson, and B.F. Skinner have done much for the advancement of modern psychology. Many of the important findings in psychology from their theory of behaviorism, later evolving into the social-learning theory or cognitive social-learning theory. Proponents of the learning perspective think that mentalism should be abandoned for behaviorism. Psychologists should concentrate on observation and direct measurement rather focusing on introspection.
Behaviorists believed that actions were responses to stimuli that were learned. The basic concept was that positive responses would be triggered by good stimuli while negative responses would could from bad stimuli. Actions that would produce positive results tended to repeated, while those that led to negative results tended to be avoided.
This concept led to a broadening of psychology. Many groups that were often overlooked by psychologists were being discovered and observed. Behavior became the dominant school of psychology in the U.S. until the 1960's.
Adversaries to this approach were repulsed by the concept that humans did not think or feel, but only thought that they did. Nonbehaviorists and behaviorists parted company. Behaviorists believed that feelings could not explain behavior. Out of behaviorism came the social learning theory, which taught that in addition to behavior, imitation and observation led to learning.
Cognitive Perspective
The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on the thought process. Psychologists from this school argue that it is necessary to know what is going on in the mind to fully understand why a person will do the things that they do. By observing behavior, psychologists try to interpret what thought process led to the action. Critics who disapprove of this theory do so on the basis that in addition to perceptions, external forces must also be taken into consideration.
The objective of cognitive psychology is to understand how perceptions and interpretations relate to behavior. Why ...

You are currently seeing 50% of this paper.

You're seeing 535 words of 1070.

Keywords: 5 major theoretical frameworks of psychology, 5 major theories of psychology, what are theoretical issues in psychology, is psychology theoretical

Similar essays


The Guam Flag (description)

First impressions are important. Just as people tend to size you up by your appearance, so are they inclined to judge your culture and heritage. The Guam flag is a resemblance of my culture and heritage. It is simple but indigenous to the people of Guam. Governor Roy C. Smith approved the design as the Official Coat of Arms for the territory of Gua...

59 reviews
Download
Deborah Tannen / But What Do You Mean?

Alianna Pinon Professor Edison Cassadore Writing 101 Journal Entry # 8 1 November 2018 There are many different ways to respond to someone it could be in a polite way or even in a rude way. No, I haven't said "excuse me" to a lifeless object if I was to bump into it. If someone was to say "Have a good trip"I personally wouldn't respond with "You...

26 reviews
Download
The advantages of wealth

Wealth Begets Freedom Fortune is inherently a private issue that only allows observers a peek from which to surmise the condition of the holder's lifestyle and budget. However it is from these glimpses that society draws its stereotypes, as there is supposed to exist a set of standards such as clothing, good looks, and automobiles that in...

72 reviews
Download
Taoism 2

It is always present in you. You can use it anyway you want.?Lao-tzu. Taoism is one of the philosophical and religious modes of thought that originated in early China. Taoism began at about around the sixth century B.C. The one dominant idea in Taoism is the belief in some form of reincarnation. The idea that life does not end when you die is a...

12 reviews
Download
The history of baseball cards

The History of Baseball Cards Baseball cards have a very broad history. In the beginning, god made man. Then, man produced........ the baseball card. From 1887 to the present, billions of baseball cards have been produced. Some cards are valued at ten cents, while others, are valued at over one hundred thousand...

129 reviews
Download
Aristotle's Concept Of Teleology

In his Physics, Aristotle examines the theories and ideas regarding nature of his predecessors and then, based upon his own ideas, theories and experiments, argues against what he believes are incorrect conclusions. One idea that Aristotle argues specifically is teleology. Teleology is the idea that natural phenomena are determined not only by me...

89 reviews
Download
Cognitive motivation

Introduction In this paper I will be aiming to cover the following areas. Firstly an overview of the fundamentals behind the cognitive theories of motivation, focusing on three main theories - Equity theory, Expectancy theory and Goal setting theory. Within these theory bases I will outline some of the developmental research that has bee...

186 reviews
Download
Breakfast Club Character Evaluations

The Breakfast Club was a movie about five very different characters, Claire, Andrew, Brian, Allison, and John Bender. Claire was a popular girl, Andrew was a wrestler (jock), Brian was intellectually gifted, Allison was a basket case, and John Bender was a rebel. On the outside they seem like very different people, in fact they were all sociall...

64 reviews
Download
Benin

, independent nation of W Africa, formerly called Dahomey. Once a French protectorate, it is a country of 40 ethnic tribal groups and a low-level economy. Land and Economy Located in the bulge on the S side of W Africa, is bordered by Nigeria, Toga, Berkina Faso, and Niger, with 75 mi (121km) on the Gulf of Guinea. The coast is hot and hum...

66 reviews
Download
The Advancement Of Weaponry

Weaponry progressed significantly throughout the Middle Ages from unsophisticated means such as axes, swords, lances and crossbows too much more advanced and complex weapons such as guns, cannons and missiles. In the beginning of the 7th century armies in Western Europe were little more than armed mobs. The development of weapons and other materi...

158 reviews
Download
Cash out (accounting)

Acct. Term Paper "Cash Out" In an October 1998 issue of "Fortune Magazine" in the finance section, an article entitled "Cash Out on Your Own Terms" speaks about a relatively old concept refined for a new market. In the centuries past, wealthy landowners would allow working farmers to live and work on their land and tend the crops and...

10 reviews
Download
Fascination of motorcycles

Fascination of Motorcycles Imagine riding a hundred miles per hour. The wind in your hair, freedom of the open road stretching out in front of you, and a loud rumble below you. You quickly look down to check your actual speed, and when you reestablish a line of sight with the road a huge bug flies in your mouth. You quickly think about s...

204 reviews
Download
Clinical supervision in todays

Clinical Supervision in Today's Schools CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to present the definition of clinical supervision and some basic concepts that are currently being used in the clinical supervision of public schools today. By having a clearer understanding of thes...

142 reviews
Download
Sex education

-- Sex Education is Ineffective Perhaps one of the most controversial issues arising today is that of sex education in America's public school system. In today's world, where information travels at the speed of light and mass media is part of our everyday lives, teenagers are more exposed to this world than ever before. In this country, te...

68 reviews
Download
Atsisiųsti šį darbą